Gijs H. M. van Puijvelde

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OBJECTIVE HSP60-specific T cells contribute to the development of the immune responses in atherosclerosis. This can be dampened by regulatory T cells activated via oral tolerance induction, and we explored the effect of oral tolerance induction to HSP60 and the peptide HSP60 (253 to 268) on atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS HSP60 and HSP60 (253 to 268)(More)
OBJECTIVE Regulatory T cells are crucial for immune homeostasis and an impaired regulatory T cell function results in many pathological conditions. Regulatory T cells have already been described to be protective in atherosclerosis. However the exact contribution of Foxp3-expressing natural regulatory T cells in atherosclerosis has not been elucidated yet.(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and the subsequent processing of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) by macrophages results in activation of specific T cells, which contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Oral tolerance induction and the subsequent activation of regulatory T cells may be an adequate therapy for the treatment of(More)
AIMS Modification of lipoproteins plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) has a number of pro-inflammatory effects, whereas immunization with various forms of oxLDL is able to reduce atherosclerosis. The uptake of modified LDL by dendritic cells (DCs) and the presentation of(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the influx of macrophages and T cells and IL-17 may connect innate and adaptive immune responses involved in atherogenesis. We investigated the role of IL-17 receptor signaling in atherosclerosis and transplanted LDLr deficient recipient mice with IL-17R deficient bone marrow. Induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in inflammatory diseases and IL-15 is expressed in atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS To establish the role of IL-15 in atherosclerosis we studied the effect of IL-15 on atherosclerosis associated cells in vitro and in vivo by neutralizing IL-15 using a DNA vaccination strategy. (More)
AIMS The SDF-1α/CXCR4 dyad was previously shown by us and others to be instrumental in intimal hyperplasia as well as early stage atherosclerosis. We here sought to investigate its impact on clinically relevant stages of atherosclerosis in mouse and man. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunohistochemical analysis of CXCR4 expression in human atherosclerotic lesions(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Cardiovascular disease, as manifested in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions, can be described as a chronic inflammatory autoimmune-like disease that proceeds in the context of enhanced plasma lipid levels. Modulation of the immune response may therefore form a valuable therapy in addition to standardized cholesterol and blood(More)
The iminosugar N-(5'-adamantane-1'-yl-methoxy)-pentyl-1-deoxynoijirimycin (AMP-DNM), an inhibitor of glycosphingolipid (GSL) biosynthesis is known to ameliorate diabetes, insulin sensitivity and to prevent liver steatosis in ob/ob mice. Thus far the effect of GSL synthesis inhibition on pre-existing NASH has not yet been assessed. To investigate it,(More)
OBJECTIVE The consequences of macrophage triglyceride (TG) accumulation on atherosclerosis have not been studied in detail so far. Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the initial step in TG hydrolysis. Because ATGL knockout (KO) mice exhibit massive TG accumulation in macrophages, we used ATGL KO mice to study the effects of(More)