Gijs A. van der Marel

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The DNA fragment d(CpGpCpGpCpG) crystallises as a left-handed double helical molecule with Watson-Crick base pairs and an antiparallel organisation of the sugar phosphate chains. The helix has two nucleotides in the asymmetric unit and contains twelve base pairs per turn. It differs significantly from right-handed B-DNA.
Cellulose is the most abundant renewable carbon resource on earth and is an indispensable raw material for the wood, paper, and textile industries. A model system to study the mechanism of cellulose biogenesis is the bacterium Acetobacter xylinum which produces pure cellulose as an extracellular product. It was from this organism that in vitro preparations(More)
With the emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria, it is imperative to develop new intervention strategies. Current antibiotics typically target pathogen rather than host-specific biochemical pathways. Here we have developed kinase inhibitors that prevent intracellular growth of unrelated pathogens such as Salmonella typhimurium and Mycobacterium(More)
The anticancer drugs adriamycin and daunomycin have each been crystallized with the DNA sequence d(CGATCG) and the three-dimensional structures of the complexes solved at 1.7- and 1.5-A resolution, respectively. These antitumor drugs have significantly different clinical properties, yet they differ chemically by only the additional hydroxyl at C14 of(More)
The transfection ability of nonviral gene therapy vehicles is generally hampered by untimely lysosomal degradation of internalized DNA. In this study we describe the development of a targeted lysosome disruptive element to facilitate the escape of DNA from the lysosomal compartment, thus enhancing the transfection efficacy, in a cell-specific fashion. Two(More)
Proteasomes degrade the majority of proteins in mammalian cells by a concerted action of three distinct pairs of active sites. The chymotrypsin-like sites are targets of antimyeloma agents bortezomib and carfilzomib. Inhibitors of the trypsin-like site sensitize multiple myeloma cells to these agents. Here we describe systematic effort to develop inhibitors(More)
Bleomycin is an antitumor agent whose activity has long been thought to derive from its ability to degrade DNA. Recent findings suggest that cellular RNA may be a therapeutically relevant locus. At micromolar concentrations, Fe(II)-bleomycin readily cleaved a Bacillus subtilis tRNAHis precursor in a highly selective fashion, but Escherichia coli tRNA(Tyr)(More)
A series of glycolipids have been prepared which contain a cluster galactoside moiety with high affinity for the hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor and a bile acid ester moiety which mediates stable incorporation into liposomes. Loading of liposomes with these glycolipids at a ratio of 5% (w/w) resulted in efficient recognition and uptake of the liposomes(More)
Exposure of cells to alkylating agents produces DNA lesions, most of which are repaired. However some alkyl lesions persist and play a role in inducing point mutations and the subsequent carcinogenic conversion. O6-Ethylguanine (e6G) is a relatively persistent alkylation lesion caused by the exposure of DNA to N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea. We study the consequence(More)
The roles of a subregion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the cortical actin cytoskeleton in the mechanisms by which Ins(1,4,5)P3 induces the activation of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) in isolated rat hepatocytes were investigated. Adenophostin A, a potent agonist at Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors, induced ER Ca2+ release and the activation of Ca2+(More)