Gijs A van Seventer

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The leukocyte function-associated molecule-1 (LFA-1) plays a key role in cell adhesion processes between cells of the immune system. We investigated the mechanism that may regulate LFA-1-ligand interactions, which result in cell-cell adhesion. To this end we employed an intriguing anti-LFA-1 alpha mAb (NKI-L16), capable of inducing rather than inhibiting(More)
Regulated adhesion of T cells to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is likely to be essential in T cell migration. Constitutive binding of various other cell types to ECM components is mediated by members of the VLA (very late antigen) subfamily of integrins. We describe here the regulated binding of resting CD4+ human T cells to ECM through three VLA(More)
The induction of an ensemble of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells by inflammatory cytokines is likely to be crucial to the differential migration of T-lymphocyte subsets into inflammatory sites. Two molecular pathways involving the VLA-4 and LFA-1 integrins are known to mediate T-cell adhesion to activated endothelium. Here we show that a third(More)
PURPOSE To perform a quantitative analysis of the expression of major histocompatibility molecules (MHC classes I and II) and costimulatory molecules by human fetal retinal pigment epithelial (HFRPE) cells and to evaluate their potential role in providing costimulatory signals for the activation of human T cells in vitro. METHODS Pure HFRPE cells were(More)
T cell adhesion to endothelium is critical to lymphocyte recirculation and influx into sites of inflammation. We have systematically analyzed the role of four receptor/ligand interactions that mediate adhesion of peripheral human CD4+ T cells to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC): T cell LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 and an alternative ligand(More)
The monocyte-derived cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), are central regulators of the immune response, but the physiologic stimuli for their release remain largely undefined. Engagement of three monocyte glycoproteins, LFA-3, CD44, and CD45, by specific monoclonal antibodies immobilized on plastic induced(More)
The beta 1 subfamily of integrins is thought to play an important role in both the adhesion/migration and proliferation/differentiation of T cells. beta 1 integrins can provide T cell costimulation through interaction of very late antigen (VLA) 4 (VLA-4) (alpha 4 beta 1) and VLA-5 (alpha 5 beta 1) with the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin (FN), or(More)
T-cell receptors bind antigens only when the antigens are exposed on the cell surface. This can be studied best in the interaction of cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) with target cells because the recognition and binding event can be separated from the lytic phase. Studies with CTL clones specific for HLA-A2 and HLA-B7 demonstrated that conjugates of CTL's and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the mechanism of action of the soluble immune suppressive product secreted by human fetal retinal pigment epithelial (HFRPE) cells in a model system using the human T-cell line Jurkat (Jkt). METHODS Pure HFRPE cells were isolated and cultured. The supernatants of both nonactivated and IFN-gamma-activated HFRPE cells were isolated.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the mechanism(s) involved in human fetal retinal pigment epithelium (HFRPE)-mediated T-cell death. METHODS Pure HFRPE cells were isolated and cultured. Normal and interferon (IFN)-gamma-activated HFRPE from early and late in vitro passages were incubated with cells from the human T-cell leukemia line Jurkat (Jkt). Cultures were(More)