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DN-2327, 2-(7-chloro-1,8-naphthyridin-2-yl)-3-[(1,4-dioxa-8- azaspiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)carbonylmethyl]isoindolin-1-one, produced anxiolytic, taming and anti-convulsive effects when administered orally to several species of animals. DN-2327 produced few of the sedative-hypnotic and muscle-relaxant effects observed with diazepam. The durations of the anxiolytic(More)
It has been suggested that the active site of acetylcholinesterase contains a hydrophobic binding site (HBS-1), which is closely adjacent to both the anionic and the esteratic sites. In this paper, we assumed that there exists another hydrophobic binding site (HBS-2), some distance removed from the anionic site. On this assumption, a new working hypothesis(More)
We examined the effects of p.o. administered 3-[1-(phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-1-(2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-1-b enzazepin-8- yl)-1-propanone fumarate (TAK-147), a novel AChE inhibitor, on impaired learning and memory in animal models. At 1 to 3 mg/kg, TAK-147 ameliorated the passive avoidance deficit induced by diazepam. TAK-147 did not affect(More)
2,3,5-Trimethyl-6-(3-pyridylmethyl)-1,4-benzoquinone (CV-6504) has inhibitory activities on both thromboxane A2 synthase and 5-lipoxygenase as well as scavenging activity against active oxygen species. The latter two activities are closely related to the quinone moiety, which is reduced to a hydroquinone in the living body. Comparison of these two(More)
A variety of isoindolo[2,1-a]quinoline derivatives as well as the following related heterocycles have been prepared: 11b,12-dihydro-5H-isoindolo[2,1-b][2]benzazepine-7,13-dione (8a), 7,8,14,14a-tetrahydroisoindolo[2,1-c][3]benzazocine-5, 13-dione (8b), 6a,7-dihydroisoquinolino[2,3-a]quinoline-5,12-dione (12),(More)
We synthesized several prodrugs of glycine and gamma-aminobutyric acid. In order to establish a screening system from the prodrugs of selective activity to MAO-A or MAO-B, we examined purification conditions such as solubilization with Triton X-100, precipitation with ammonium sulfate, gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography. MAO-B was purified(More)
We examined the neurochemical effects of 3-[1-(phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-1-(2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-1-benzaze pin-8-yl)-1-propanone fumarate (TAK-147), a novel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor in vitro and in vivo. TAK-147 showed a potent and reversible inhibition of AChE activity in homogenates of the rat cerebral cortex (IC50 = 51.2 nM), and was(More)
We have studied the synthesis of [11C]2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-6-(10-hydroxy)-decyl-1,4-benzoquinone (idebenone) and [11C]2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone (CoQo) by methylation of their respective desmethyl precursors using [11C]CH3I for in vivo measurement of mitochondrial electron transfer and redox state. The [11C]idebenone was more lipophilic than(More)
Effect of TAK-147, a novel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, on cerebral energy metabolism was investigated using an in vivo 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) technique and the autoradiographic 2-deoxy-[14C]-D-glucose method in aged Fischer 344 rats. We revealed that high-energy phosphate metabolites, phosphocreatine (PCr) and ATP, in the(More)