Giedrius Sasnauskas

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The crystal structure of the NgoMIV restriction endonuclease in complex with cleaved DNA has been determined at 1.6 Å resolution. The crystallographic asymmetric unit contains a protein tetramer and two DNA molecules cleaved at their recognition sites. This is the first structure of a tetrameric restriction enzyme–DNA complex. In the tetramer, two primary(More)
The type IIs restriction enzyme BfiI recognizes the non-palindromic nucleotide sequence 5'-ACTGGG-3' and cleaves complementary DNA strands 5/4 nucleotides downstream of the recognition sequence. The genes coding for the BfiI restriction-modification (R-M) system were cloned/sequenced and biochemical characterization of BfiI restriction enzyme was performed.(More)
It is thought that most of the type II restriction endonucleases interact with DNA as homodimers. Cfr10I is a typical type II restriction enzyme that recognises the 5'-Pu decreases CCGGPy sequence and cleaves it as indicated by the arrow. Gel-filtration and analytical ultracentrifugation data presented here indicate that Cfr10I is a homotetramer in(More)
Crystal structures of Type II restriction endonucleases demonstrate a conserved common core and active site residues but diverse structural elements involved in DNA sequence discrimination. Comparative structural analysis of restriction enzymes recognizing the same nucleotide sequence might therefore contribute to our understanding of the structural(More)
In vitro synthesis of cDNA is one of the most important techniques in present molecular biology. Faithful synthesis of long cDNA on highly structured RNA templates requires thermostable and processive reverse transcriptases. In a recent attempt to increase the thermostability of the wt Moloney Murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase (M-MuLV RT), we have(More)
BfiI is a novel type IIs restriction endonuclease that, unlike all other restriction enzymes characterised to date, cleaves DNA in the absence of Mg(2+). The amino acid sequence of the N-terminal part of BfiI has some similarities to Nuc of Salmonella typhimurium, an EDTA-resistant nuclease akin to phospholipase D. The dimeric form of Nuc contains a single(More)
Mutational analysis has previously indicated that D83 and E98 residues are essential for DNA cleavage activity and presumably chelate a Mg2+ ion at the active site of MunI restriction enzyme. In the absence of metal ions, protonation of an ionizable residue with a pKa > 7.0, most likely one of the active site carboxylates, controls the DNA binding(More)
Unlike orthodox Type II restriction endonucleases that are homodimers and interact with the palindromic 4-8-bp DNA sequences, BcnI is a monomer which has a single active site but cuts both DNA strands within the 5'-CC↓CGG-3'/3'-GGG↓CC-5' target site ('↓' designates the cleavage position). Therefore, after cutting the first strand, the BcnI monomer must(More)
According to the current paradigm type IIE restriction endonucleases are homodimeric proteins that simultaneously bind to two recognition sites but cleave DNA at only one site per turnover: the other site acts as an allosteric locus, activating the enzyme to cleave DNA at the first. Structural and biochemical analysis of the archetypal type IIE restriction(More)
Unlike other restriction enzymes, BfiI functions without metal ions. It recognizes an asymmetric DNA sequence, 5'-ACTGGG-3', and cuts top and bottom strands at fixed positions downstream of this sequence. Many restriction enzymes are dimers of identical subunits, with one active site for each DNA strand. Others, like FokI, dimerize transiently during(More)