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We study soliton solutions to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) with a saturated nonlinearity. NLS with such a nonlinearity is known to possess a minimal mass soliton. We consider a small perturbation of a minimal mass soliton and identify a system of ODEs extending the work of Comech and Pelinovsky (Com-mun. which models the behavior of the… (More)

We consider the one-dimensional propagation of electromagnetic waves in a weakly nonlinear and low-contrast spatially inhomogeneous medium with no energy dissipation. We focus on the case of a periodic medium, in which dispersion enters only through the (Floquet-Bloch) spectral band dispersion associated with the periodic structure; chromatic dispersion… (More)

Coherent structures, such as solitary waves, appear in many physical problems, including fluid mechanics , optics, quantum physics, and plasma physics. A less studied setting is found in geophysics, where highly viscous fluids couple to evolving material parameters to model partially molten rock, magma, in the Earth's interior. Solitary waves are also found… (More)

We experimentally explore solutions to a model Hamil-tonian dynamical system recently derived to study frequency cascades in the cubic defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the torus. Our results include a statistical analysis of the evolution of data with localized amplitudes and random phases, which supports the conjecture that energy cascades are… (More)

We consider the one-dimensional Maxwell equations with low contrast periodic linear refractive index and weak Kerr nonlinearity. In this context, wave packet initial conditions with a single carrier frequency excite infinitely many resonances. On large but finite timescales , the coupled evolution of backward and forward waves is governed by nonlocal… (More)

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