Gideon Ladizinsky

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Genetic relationships between 7 annual species of the genus Cicer, including the cultivated chickpea, have been studied. These species were assigned to 3 crossability groups. In each group interspecific hybrids could be obtained but their fertility differed considerably in the various cross combinations. Crosses between members of different groups yielded(More)
Inheritance and linkage relationships of several morphological and isozyme loci are described in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Segregation data obtained from several F2 families confirmed the previously observed mode of inheritance for most of the morphological loci. Additional morphological markers in chickpea are also described. Most of the isozyme loci(More)
Segregation of 18 marker genes was monitored in selfed progeny of a Lens culinaris × L. ervoides hybrid; five linkage groups were mapped, one of which contained a reciprocal translocation break-point that differentiates between the parents. Four markers were found to be linked to the translocation break-point: Aco-1 and Pgm-2 on one side and Gs and Got-2 on(More)
Species relationship between the cultivated chickpea Cicer arietinum and the two newly discovered wild species C. echinospermum and C. reticulatum were assessed through breeding experiments and cytological examination of the hybrids. The two wild species differed from each other by a major reciprocal translocation and their hybrid was completely sterile.(More)
Seed-crop plants apparently originated from a limited number of mutants in which seed dispersal was changed from that found in nondomesticated populations. Seed nonshattering in cultivated plants may be controlled by a single gene or a small number of genes. Allopolyploid crop plants were derived from a limited number of interspecific hybridizations(More)
The origin of lentil from the taxon Lens culinaris subsp. orientalis has been proved by morphological evidence and breeding experiments. This wild form exhibits variation in many characters and is distributed over a vast area from the Middle-East to central Asia. Characters that are polymorphic in the wild progenitor but monomorphic in the cultigen can be(More)
Seeds of the cultivated lentil are capable of germinating shortly after maturation. The seed dormancy of wild lentil species is due to a hard seed coat. In crosses between the cultivated species L. culinaris and its wild progenitor L. orientalis the hard seed coat of the wild species was controlled by a single recessive gene in homozygous condition. In a(More)
Comparative studies of the pulses of the Middle East and of their wild progenitors indicate that the pattern of pulse domestication is completely different from that of cereals in the same region. Wild legumes are not suitable for cultivation because of their conspicuous seed dormancy. Pre-adaptation of wild pulses for cultivation through loss of the seed(More)
Almond, Amygdalus communis L., is an ancient crop of south west Asia. Selection of the sweet type marks the beginning of almond domestication. Wild almonds are bitter and eating even a relatively small number of nuts can be fatal. How man selected the sweet type remains a riddle. Also, the wild ancestor of almond has not been properly identified among the(More)
On the combined evidence from morphology, ecology, and cytogenetics, seven species are recognized in the genus Avena L. 1. A. clauda Dur., 2. A. ventricosa Bal. 3. A. longiglumis Dur, 4. A. strigosa Schreb., 5. A. magna Murphy et Terr., 6. A. murphyi Ladiz. and 7. A. sativa L. The first three species are wild diploids. The fourth is a diploid-tetraploid(More)