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In many three-dimensional imaging applications the three-dimensional scene is represented by a three-dimensional array of volume elements, or voxels for short. A subset Q of the voxels is specified by some property. The objects in the scene are then defined as subsets of Q formed by voxels which are “connected” in some appropriate sense. It is… (More)
The development of the research project in microprogramming and emulation at State University of New York at Buffalo consisted of three phases: the evaluation of various possible machines to support this research; the decision to purchase one such machine, which appears to be superior to the others considered; and the organization and definition of goals… (More)
We review a variety of techniques to improve efficiency in information retrieval. Given the increasing volumes of data that are available electronically, understanding and using such techniques is critical. We address several efficiency concerns, but our primary focus is on index processing since it dominates the computational demands of information… (More)
This straightforward 3-D display algorithm traverses voxels slice by slice to project each voxel on the screen. No surface detection or z-buffer is needed.
This paper presents an introduction to the field of three-dimensional medical imaging It presents medical imaging terms and concepts, summarizes the basic operations performed in three-dimensional medical imaging, and describes sample algorithms for accomplishing these operations. The paper contains a synopsis of the architectures and algorithms used in… (More)
We have developed a computer-resident stereotactic atlas of the human brain that quantitatively defines subcortical structures within anatomical landmarks detected on obliquely reconstructed computed tomography (CT) slices. Horizontal stereotactic atlas sections can be stretched and contracted by polar transformation and labeled by a computer to fit within… (More)
Poor quality documents are obtained in various situations such as historical document collections, legal archives, security investigations, and documents found in clandestine locations. Such documents are often scanned for automated analysis, further processing, and archiving. Due to the nature of such documents, degraded document images are often hard to… (More)
Small computers can be called on to perform large tasks. Doing so requires careful organization of input, output, auxiliary data structures, and memory.
Degraded documents are frequently obtained in various situations. Examples of degraded document collections include historical document depositories, document obtained in legal and security investigations, and legal and medical archives. Degraded document images are hard to to read and are hard to analyze using computerized techniques. There is hence a need… (More)