Gideon Cohen

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OBJECTIVES We sought to characterize the temporal return of mitral regurgitation after annuloplasty for functional ischemic mitral regurgitation; to identify its predictors, particularly with respect to annuloplasty type; and to determine whether annuloplasty type influences survival. METHODS From April 1985 through November 2002, 585 patients underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Increased cardiac troponin is observed after virtually every cardiac operation, indicating perioperative myocardial injury. The clinical significance of this elevation is controversial. This study aimed to correlate postoperative troponin levels with major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS The study included 1918 consecutive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Early coronary bypass graft failures may be preventable if identified intraoperatively. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two intraoperative graft assessment techniques, transit-time ultrasound flow measurement and indocyanine green fluorescent-dye graft angiography. METHODS Patents undergoing isolated(More)
OBJECTIVES We report a comprehensive assessment and validation of a new intraoperative angiography technique. BACKGROUND Technical problems at the site of the distal anastomosis compromise an underappreciated proportion of coronary bypass grafts. The absence of a systematic, validated technique to verify graft patency in the operating room represents a(More)
OBJECTIVE Incomplete regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (Abn-LVMI) following AVR for aortic stenosis (AS) may decrease long-term survival. In this prospective study, we identified the predictors of Abn-LVMI. METHODS Between 1990 and 2000, 529 patients undergoing AVR for AS had clinical and hemodynamic data collected prospectively. Preoperative and(More)
Patients who received clopidogrel prior to coronary bypass surgery are at increased risk for bleeding that must be balanced with risk of ongoing ischemia if coronary artery bypass grafting is delayed. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of clopidogrel on mortality and major bleeding in patients undergoing urgent coronary bypass surgery. We reviewed 451(More)
BACKGROUND Although stentless aortic bioprostheses are believed to offer improved outcomes, hemodynamic benefits remain unsubstantiated. METHODS Fifty-three patients were randomized to receive the stented C-E pericardial valve (CE) and 46 patients the Toronto Stentless Porcine valve (SPV). Annuli were sized for the optimal insertion of both valve types,(More)
OBJECTIVE The benefit of stentless valves remains in question. In 1999, a randomized trial comparing stentless and stented valves was unable to demonstrate any hemodynamic or clinical benefits at 1 year after implantation. This study reviews long-term outcomes of patients randomized in the aforementioned trial. METHODS Between 1996 and 1999, 99 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Small, nonrandomized clinical trials have demonstrated a beneficial effect of solutions containing insulin and glucose on the recovery of myocardial metabolism and ventricular function after cardioplegic arrest and reperfusion. However, no large, blinded, randomized study has yet determined the effects of insulin-enhanced cardioplegia on clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE This trial aimed to determine whether intraoperative graft assessment with criteria for graft revision would decrease the proportion of patients with 1 or more graft occlusions or stenoses or major adverse cardiac events 1 year after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS A single-center, randomized, single-blinded, controlled clinical trial(More)