Gianpaolo Papaccio

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Stromal stem cells from human dental pulp (SBP-DPSCs) were used to study osteogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo. We previously reported that SBP-DPSCs are multipotent stem cells able to differentiate into osteoblasts, which synthesize three-dimensional woven bone tissue chips in vitro. In this study, we followed the temporal expression pattern of(More)
BACKGROUND Osteosarcoma is the most common primary tumour of bone. Solid tumours are made of heterogeneous cell populations, which display different goals and roles in tumour economy. A rather small cell subset can hold or acquire stem potentials, gaining aggressiveness and increasing expectancy of recurrence. The CD133 antigen is a pentaspan membrane(More)
This study aimed to identify, isolate, and characterize cancer stem cells from human primary sarcomas. We performed cytometric analyses for stemness and differentiation antigens, including CD29, CD34, CD44, CD90, CD117, and CD133, on 21 human primary sarcomas on the day of surgery. From sarcoma biopsies, we obtained 2 chondrosarcoma-stabilized cell lines(More)
UNLABELLED Stem cells, derived from human adult dental pulp of healthy subjects 30-45 years of age, were cultured, and cells were selected using a FACSorter. A new c-kit+/CD34+/CD45- cell population of stromal bone producing cells (SBP/DPSCs) was selected, expanded, and cultured. These SBP/DPSCs are highly clonogenic and, in culture, differentiate into(More)
In this study we used a biocomplex constructed from dental pulp stem/progenitor cells (DPCs) and a collagen sponge scaffold for oro-maxillo-facial (OMF) bone tissue repair in patients requiring extraction of their third molars. The experiments were carried out according to our Internal Ethical Committee Guidelines and written informed consent was obtained(More)
Stem cells were obtained from deciduous dental pulp of healthy subjects, aged 6-10 years. This stem cell population was cultured, expanded, and specifically selected, detecting using a FACsorter, c-kit, CD34, and STRO-1 antigen expression. Then, c-kit+/CD34+/STRO-1+ cells were replaced in the culture medium added of 20% FBS, leading to osteoblast(More)
Primary tumors are responsible for 10% of cancer deaths. In most cases, the main cause of mortality is the formation of metastases. Accumulating evidence suggests that a subpopulation of tumor cells with distinct stem-like properties is responsible for tumor initiation, invasive growth, and metastasis formation. This population is defined as cancer stem(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells deriving from dental pulp differentiate into osteoblasts capable of producing bone. In previous studies, we extensively demonstrated that, when seeded on collagen I scaffolds, these cells can be conveniently used for the repair of human mandible defects. Here, we assess the stability and quality of the regenerated bone and vessel(More)
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) can be found within the "cell rich zone" of dental pulp. Their embryonic origin, from neural crests, explains their multipotency. Up to now, two groups have studied these cells extensively, albeit with different results. One group claims that these cells produce a "dentin-like tissue", whereas the other research group has(More)
Numerous stem cell niches are present in the different tissues and organs of the adult human body. Among these tissues, dental pulp, entrapped within the 'sealed niche' of the pulp chamber, is an extremely rich site for collecting stem cells. In this study, we demonstrate that the isolation of human dental pulp stem cells by the explants culture method(More)