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Pain is the hallmark symptom of fibromyalgia (FM) and other related syndromes, but quite different from that of other rheumatic diseases, which depends on the degree of damage or inflammation in peripheral tissues. Sufferers are often defined as patients with chronic pain without an underlying mechanistic cause, and these syndromes and their symptoms are(More)
Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a common symptom within the community, and may be part of or arise as a result of various diseases or conditions. Fibromyalgia (FM) is probably the most common and best known disease whose cardinal symptom is CWP. Many authors, however, indistinctively describe pain as 'widespread', 'diffuse' or 'generalised', and this may(More)
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common chronic condition of widespread pain with causal mechanisms that are largely unknown. It is characterized by moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain and allodynia, but its pathogenesis appears confined to the nociceptive structures of the central nervous system. FMS is often triggered by negative environmental(More)
All of the specialists who deal in some way with fibromyalgia (FM) broadly agree that physical reconditioning programmes are useful, but it is not yet clear what type of physical activity is the most appropriate for different subsets of patients. The aim of this review was to examine the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published between 1985 and August(More)
Ever since it was first defined, fibromyalgia (FM) has been considered one of the most controversial diagnoses in the field of rheumatology, to the point that not everybody accepts its existence as an independent entity. The sensitivity and specificity of the proposed diagnostic criteria are still debated by various specialists (not only rheumatologists),(More)
Fibromyalgia is a complex syndrome associated with significant impairment in quality of life and function and with substantial financial costs. Once the diagnosis is made, providers should aim to increase patients' function and minimize pain. Fibromyalgia patients frequently use alternative therapies, strongly indicating both their dissatisfaction with and(More)
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a common chronic pain condition that affects at least 2% of the adult population. Chronic widespread pain is the defining feature of FM, but patients may also exhibit a range of other symptoms, including sleep disturbance, fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, headaches, and mood disorders. The etiology of FM is not completely(More)
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a generalized chronic pain condition that is often accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, psychological and cognitive alterations, headache, migraine, variable bowel habits, diffuse abdominal pain, and urinary frequency. Its key assessment domains include pain, fatigue, disturbed sleep, physical and emotional(More)
A long-term prospective study was performed to evaluate the safety and long-term outcome of surgical arthroscopy (AS) for persistent rheumatoid (RA) and psoriatic (PsA) knee joint synovitis (KJS). Local signs of joint inflammation (tenderness, swelling, "ballottement') and range of motion (ROM) were scored and the sum, taken as a global outcome measure, was(More)
Fibromyalgia (FM) is currently classified as a chronic pain syndrome. Its main features are chronic widespread pain in the presence of tender points (TPs) upon physical examination, sleep disturbances and fatigue, although patients also report a variety of other complaints. Many therapies have been proposed over recent years with mixed results, including(More)