Gianni Zironi

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BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of death in cirrhotic patients. This neoplasm is associated with liver cirrhosis (LC) in more than 90% of cases. Early diagnosis and treatment of HCC are expected to improve survival of patients. AIMS To assess the cost effectiveness of a surveillance programme of patients with LC for the early(More)
The prevalence of spontaneous reversal of flow in the portal venous system was non invasively evaluated by Doppler ultrasound in 228 patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Reversed flow was detected in the portal vein in 7 patients (3.1%), in the splenic vein in 7 patients (3.1%), and in the superior mesenteric vein in 5 patients (2.1%),(More)
OBJECTIVE Our study assessed the feasibility of detecting and measuring by sonography the diameter of the thoracic duct in healthy subjects and in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. We also evaluated the relationship of thoracic duct size with age and with clinical, endoscopic, and sonographic signs of portal hypertension. SUBJECTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS/METHODS The diagnosis of cirrhosis is currently based on percutaneous liver biopsy, although this procedure may give rise to false negative results. This prospective study blindly investigates the accuracy of an ultrasonographic score, derived from liver, spleen and portal vein features, in predicting the final diagnosis in 212 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to prospectively compare the diagnostic value of sonography and contrast-enhanced sonography with CT for the detection of solid organ injuries in blunt abdominal trauma patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sonography, contrast-enhanced sonography, and CT were performed to assess possible abdominal organ injuries in 69(More)
We analyzed the growth pattern of tumor masses and the survival of 39 asymptomatic Italian patients with a total of 59 small (less than or equal to 5 cm in diameter) hepatocellular carcinomas arising from cirrhosis. The total length of the observation period ranged from 90 to 962 days, with an average of 364 +/- 229 (mean +/- S.D.). Doubling time ranged(More)
An increase in splanchnic blood flow in both arterial and venous beds has been demonstrated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by means of angiographic and scintigraphic studies. Doppler ultrasound (US) enables a non-invasive evaluation of splanchnic arterial inflow in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and of venous outflow in the portal vein. The aim(More)
The authors compared the Doppler ultrasonographic pattern of hepatic veins (HVs) in a group of 60 patients affected by liver cirrhosis and in 65 healthy subjects comparable for sex and age to (a) detect possible differences in HV waveform in the two groups and (b) investigate the relationship of these differences with the severity of the disease (according(More)
The effect of a standard Italian meal on portal hemodynamics was evaluated in 12 normal subjects, in 11 patients with chronic active hepatitis and in 11 patients with liver cirrhosis using duplex Doppler ultrasound, which allows a noninvasive assessment of portal blood flow. In the fasting state, the portal vein caliber was significantly higher in patients(More)
In order to detect a possible relationship between alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, total tumour volume at the moment of the discovery and the tumour volume doubling time, we studied a population of 138 patients, affected by Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) discovered at abdominal ultrasound (US) examination and confirmed by liver biopsy in all cases. In each(More)