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The response to cold of liver and heart membrane lipid composition and mitochondrial respiration in reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) was investigated. Fish acclimation was followed during the natural seasonal cycle from August to March. The data on the fatty acid composition of liver and heart polar lipids and on total lipids of liver mitochondria(More)
The response to cold of gill and kidney membrane lipid composition and microsomal (Na++K+)-ATPase, Na+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase activities in reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) was investigated. Fish acclimation was carried out according to the seasonal cycle from August to March. No cold-promoted increase in fatty acid unsaturation was shown in gill(More)
Bass gill microsomal preparations contain a Mg2+-dependent Na+-stimulated ATPase activity in the absence of K+, whose characteristics are compared with those of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase of the same preparations. The activity at 30 degrees C is 11.3 mumol Pi X mg-1 protein X hr-1 under optimal conditions (5 mM MgATP, 75 mM Na+, 75 mM HEPES, pH 6.0) and exhibits(More)
Four groups of adult sea bass were given diets containing about 8% of one of four different oils having a different fatty acid composition: linseed oil, grape-seed oil, containing high amounts of linolenic and linoleic acids respectively, hydrogenated coconut oil, mainly containing saturated fatty acids, and cod liver oil which was considered as reference.(More)
Bacteria and diatom strains from the Adriatic Sea were investigated, under standard and altered environmental conditions, for carbohydrate production and for the presence of specific biomarkers. Algae from P-depleted cultures showed an increase in extracellular carbohydrate production, a significantly lower chlorophyll a content and unchanged total lipid(More)
Bass gill microsomal preparations contain both a Na+, K+ and Mg2+-dependent ATPase, which is completely inhibited by 10(-3)M ouabain and 10(-2)M Ca2+, and also a ouabain insensitive ATP-ase activity in the presence of both Mg2+ and Na+. Under the optimal conditions of pH 6.5, 100 mM Na+, 20 mM K+, 5 mM ATP and 5 mM Mg2+, (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activity at 30(More)
Several tissues from different animals, including the rat kidney and the freshwater rainbow trout gills, show an ouabain-insensitive, furosemide-sensitive, Na(+)-stimulated ATPase activity, which has been associated with the active control of the cell volume. This Na-ATPase is Mg(2+) dependent and it is inhibited by vanadate, which can be taken as an(More)
With the aim of comparing the effects of oral T3 and NaCl administration on trout hypoosmoregulatory mechanisms, three groups of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) held in freshwater (FW) were fed a basal diet (C), the same diet containing 8.83 ppm of 3,5,3′-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) (T) or 10% (w/w) NaCl (N) respectively for 30 d. They were then(More)
1. Gilthead gill 10(-3) M ouabain-inhibited (Na+ + K+)-ATPase and 10(-2) M ouabain-insensitive Na+-ATPase require the optimal conditions of pH 7.0, 160 mM Na+, 20 mM K+, 5 mM MgATP and pH 4.8-5.2, 75 mM Na+, 2.5 mM Mg2+, 1.0 mM ATP, respectively. 2. The main distinctive features between the two activities are confirmed to be optimal pH, the(More)
1. Sea bass kidney microsomal preparations contain two Mg2+ dependent ATPase activities: the ouabain-sensitive (Na+ + K+)-ATPase and an ouabain-insensitive Na+-ATPase, requiring different assay conditions. The (Na+ + K+)-ATPase under the optimal conditions of pH 7.0, 100 mM Na+, 25 mM K+, 10 mM Mg2+, 5 mM ATP exhibits an average specific activity (S.A.) of(More)