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Lichens are a world-widespread consortium of fungal and photosynthetic partners. Usnic acid is one of the most common and abundant lichen metabolites, well known as an antibiotic, but also endowed with several other interesting properties. This review summarises the most relevant studies on usnic acid, focusing on a number of biological activities in(More)
The antitumor activity of the organometallic ruthenium(II)-arene complexes, RuCl(2)(eta(6)-arene)(PTA), (arene = p-cymene, toluene, benzene, benzo-15-crown-5, 1-ethylbenzene-2,3-dimethylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, ethyl benzoate, hexamethylbenzene; PTA = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane), abbreviated RAPTA, has been evaluated. In vitro biological(More)
We have analysed the toxicity of highly cationic, artificial alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides on blood cells to assess their suitability for systemic application. Flow cytometric methods, based on the uptake of propidium iodide, were used to obtain a rapid and quantitative estimate of membrane damage to resting and concanavalin A-activated mouse(More)
The effects of NAMI-A (imidazolium trans-imidazoledimethyl sulfoxide-tetrachlororuthenate) are compared with cisplatin on tumor cells cultured in vitro at doses of 1 to 100 microM and on tumor metastases in vivo at maximum tolerated doses. Using mouse tumors that metastasize to the lungs, NAMI-A given i.p. for 6 consecutive days at 35 mg/kg/day, was(More)
Imidazolium trans-imidazoledimethylsulfoxide-tetrachlororuthenate (NAMI-A) is a new ruthenium compound active against lung metastasis in vivo and tumor cell invasion in vitro. Since angiogenesis was recognized as a key event in the metastasizing process, the manipulation of neo-vessel formation has been developed as a new therapeutic approach. Within this(More)
Imidazolium trans-imidazoledimethylsulphoxidetetrachlororuthenate ImH[trans-RuCl4 (DMSO)Im] (NAMI-A), a ruthenium compound that replaces Na+ with ImH+ in the molecule of Na[trans-RuCl4 (DMSO)Im] (NAMI), was studied for the anti-metastasis effects in models of solid metastasizing tumours of the mouse. NAMI-A, given i.p. at 35 mg/kg/day for six consecutive(More)
The influence of chemical stability on the antimetastatic ruthenium(III) compound imidazolium trans-imidazoletetrachlorodimethylsulphoxideruthenium(III) (NAMI-A) in aqueous solution was studied both in vitro and in vivo. The loss of dimethyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) ligand from the compound was tested by using a NAMI-A solution acidified with HCl at pH 3.0 and(More)
NAMI-A, i. e. (imH)[trans-RuCl(4)(dmso-S)(im)] (im = imidazole, dmso = dimethylsulfoxide), is a Ru(III) complex that, after extensive preclinical investigations that evidenced its remarkable and specific activity against metastases, has recently and successfully completed a Phase I trial (first ruthenium complex ever to reach clinical testing). This review(More)
Equitoxic doses of 5-(3-3-dimethyl-1-triazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide (DTIC) and aryl-triazene derivatives (compounds all capable of inducing a marked increase in murine tumor cell immunogenicity) were studied for their effects on the host immune system. At different times after drug exposure the animals were tested for allograft responses, competence in(More)