Gianni Presani

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In the last few years the important role played by various cytokines in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases has emerged. In the present study, serum and synovial fluid levels of IL-2, IL-6, TNF alpha, IFN beta and IFN gamma were evaluated in a group of 66 patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). At the same time the ESR, CRP,(More)
BACKGROUND The objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate whether the combined use of Syto 16 and 7-amino-actinomycin-D (7-AAD) allows the detection of sperm apoptosis and (ii) to describe a new multiparameter flow cytometric method to assess simultaneously sperm concentration (SC), viability and apoptosis as well as leukocyte concentration. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis plays an important role in regulating spermatogenesis. However, the biological significance of apoptosis in ejaculated sperm is not yet clear. This study set out to investigate how apoptosis correlates with semen quality and the presence of seminal leukocytes. METHODS Fifty-seven semen samples from the male partners of infertile(More)
A down-modulation of both the 55-kDa (TNF-R55) and the 75-kDa (TNF-R75) TNF receptors is observed in neutrophils exposed to a variety of stimuli. Proteolytic cleavage of the extracellular region of both receptors (shedding) and, with TNF, internalization of TNF-R55 and shedding of TNF-R75 are the proposed mechanisms. We have characterized the TNF-induced(More)
Haemolytic assay for C8 revealed its association in functionally active form with washed human platelets. Platelet-bound C8 haemolytic activity was inhibited by F(ab')2 anti-C8 and was undetectable in the platelet suspension obtained from three C8 deficient patients. Incubation of platelets from C8 deficient individuals in normal plasma did not restore C8(More)
Like other pathogens, the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, possesses multiple pathways for cell binding; adhesion to phagocytic cells is of particular interest since it reportedly occurs even in the absence of specific antibodies. This study sets out to investigate how B. burgdorferi binds to human polymorphonuclear leukocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of density-gradient centrifugation and swim-up on sperm apoptosis by using a multiparameter flow cytometric method. DESIGN Autocontrolled split-sample study. SETTING Tertiary infertility center. PATIENT(S) Sixty-two male partners of couples undergoing infertility investigations. INTERVENTION(S) Each sample was(More)
Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiological agent of Lyme disease, comprises three genospecies, Borrelia garinii, afzelii, and burgdorferi sensu strictu, that exhibit different pathogenicity and differ in the susceptibility to C-mediated killing. We examined C-sensitive and C-resistant strains of B. burgdorferi for deposition of C3 and late C components by(More)
The human C epsilon gene expresses two membrane IgE heavy chain mRNAs which differ in the sequence that encodes their extracellular membrane-proximal domain. In the long IgE isoform (mLIgE), this domain contains a stretch of 52 amino acids which are absent in the short variant (mSIgE). We have now generated B cell transfectoma cell lines that express these(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocytes represent the predominant source of reactive oxygen species both in seminal plasma and in sperm suspensions and have been demonstrated to negatively influence sperm function and fertilization rate in assisted reproduction procedures. Peroxidase test is the standard method recommended by WHO to detect semen leukocytes but it may be(More)