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AIMS The aims of this study were first, to demonstrate that Peak Endocardial Acceleration during isovolumic systole (PEA I) is related to positive peak LVdP/dt, while Peak Endocardial Acceleration during isovolumic relaxation time (PEA II) is related to aortic diastolic pressure (ADP) and to negative peak LVdP/dt; and second, to test if the simultaneous(More)
As the myocardium contracts isometrically, it generates vibrations that are transmitted throughout the heart. These vibrations can be measured with an implantable microaccelerometer located inside the tip of an otherwise conventional unipolar pacing lead. These vibrations are, in their audible component, responsible for the first heart sound. The aim of(More)
AIMS Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) involves time-consuming procedures to achieve an optimal programming of the system, at implant as well as during follow-up, when remodelling occurs. A device equipped with an implantable sensor able to measure peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) has been recently developed to monitor cardiac function and to guide(More)
Remote manipulation of electrophysiology (EP) catheters by means of magnetically-guided or robotically controlled navigation systems has been recently proposed; however, these systems usually require dedicated catheters and devices. This study aims at evaluating the feasibility of using a novel Telerobotic System (TS) to remotely manipulate standard(More)
The rate responsive pacemaker using respiratory rate as a sensor was implanted in 22 patients, 19 patients for ventricular pacing and three for atrial pacing. The level of exercise achieved with this system was consistently higher than with a fixed ventricular pacing rate. In addition, no special chemical or mechanical sensors are required; the sensor(More)
The use of robotic systems in cardiac interventional procedures is growing. The insertion and maneuvering in the human body of electrophysiology (EP) catheters is currently carried out manually under fluoroscopic guidance, resulting in operator fatigue and prolonged x-ray exposure. We report our initial animal experience with a novel telerobotic system (TS)(More)
Efforts have been made to utilize biologic parameters for determining optimal cardiac pacing rates. In this study of 67 patients, a significant relationship between heart rate and respiratory rate was observed during dynamic exercise. A system using a radiofrequency activator to modify pacing rate is described. Eleven patients have received VVI pacemakers(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) in sinus rhythm is related to LV dP/dtmax. Until now, PEA was never evaluated during R-R interval variations in AF. The aim of this study was to establish the behavior of PEA in AF and the relationship of PEA versus LV dP/dtmax. Six sheep (65 +/- 6 kg) were instrumented with a LV Millar(More)
In implantable medical devices (IMDs), the need of telemetry systems able to provide wireless bidirectional communication to interrogate and remotely program the device, as well as to monitor the physiological status of the patient, is growing. The object of the present study was to evaluate a new hermetic antenna for wireless short-range transmission(More)
PURPOSE A novel finite-element model of ventricular torsion for the analysis of the twisting behavior of the left human ventricle was developed, in order to investigate the influence of various biomechanical parameters on cardiac kinematics. METHODS The ventricle was simulated as a thick-walled ellipsoid composed of nine concentric layers. Arrays of(More)