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Thyroid function is depressed during and after cardiopulmonary bypass surgical procedures, and this may adversely affect myocardial performance. There is known to be a high prevalence of thyroid abnormalities in the elderly population, and many patients undergoing cardiac operations fall into this category. We have assessed thyroid function in 116 patients(More)
Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to intimal thickening during atherosclerosis and restenosis. The cadherins are transmembrane proteins, which form cell-cell contacts and may regulate VSMC proliferation. In this study, N-cadherin protein concentration was significantly reduced by stimulation of proliferation with fetal calf(More)
RATIONALE Pericytes are key regulators of vascular maturation, but their value for cardiac repair remains unknown. OBJECTIVE We investigated the therapeutic activity and mechanistic targets of saphenous vein-derived pericyte progenitor cells (SVPs) in a mouse myocardial infarction (MI) model. METHODS AND RESULTS SVPs have a low immunogenic profile and(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials in ischemic patients showed the safety and benefit of autologous bone marrow progenitor cell transplantation. Non-bone marrow progenitor cells with proangiogenic capacities have been described, yet they remain clinically unexploited owing to their scarcity, difficulty of access, and low ex vivo expansibility. We investigated the(More)
Open-heart surgery triggers an inflammatory response that is largely the result of surgical trauma, cardiopulmonary bypass, and organ reperfusion injury (e.g. heart). The heart sustains injury triggered by ischaemia and reperfusion and also as a result of the effects of systemic inflammatory mediators. In addition, the heart itself is a source of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Superoxide (O(2)(*-)), derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, is associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). NADPH oxidase activity and expression are blocked by nitric oxide (NO) and sildenafil. As another gas, hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) is formed by blood vessels, the effect of(More)
Saphenous vein graft failure remains a significant clinical and economic burden. Although increased use of arterial conduits has improved long-term outcome, the majority of bypass procedures continue to use saphenous vein. Early vein graft patency is maximized by avoiding damage at the time of implantation, meticulous surgical technique, and appropriate use(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to establish whether coronary revascularization on the beating heart without cardiopulmonary bypass is less harmful to the brain than conventional surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass as indicated by measures of cognitive function or by changes in serum concentrations of S-100 protein, a recognized biochemical marker of cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional coronary artery bypass surgery is associated with postoperative pulmonary dysfunction. Inflammation due to cardiopulmonary bypass has been regarded as one of the main causes. In this study, we investigated the effect of coronary revascularization with or without cardiopulmonary bypass on pulmonary function. METHODS Fifty-two(More)
BACKGROUND Patients presenting with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction undergoing coronary artery surgery are at increased risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality. The present study investigated early and midterm outcomes in a consecutive series of patients with severe LV dysfunction undergoing coronary surgery at our institution. METHODS Data(More)