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Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to intimal thickening during atherosclerosis and restenosis. The cadherins are transmembrane proteins, which form cell-cell contacts and may regulate VSMC proliferation. In this study, N-cadherin protein concentration was significantly reduced by stimulation of proliferation with fetal calf(More)
RATIONALE Pericytes are key regulators of vascular maturation, but their value for cardiac repair remains unknown. OBJECTIVE We investigated the therapeutic activity and mechanistic targets of saphenous vein-derived pericyte progenitor cells (SVPs) in a mouse myocardial infarction (MI) model. METHODS AND RESULTS SVPs have a low immunogenic profile and(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) remains the most common complication after cardiac surgery. The present study aim was to derive an effective bedside tool to predict postoperative AF and its related complications. METHODS AND RESULTS Data of 17 262 patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery were retrieved at 3 European university hospitals. A risk score(More)
Review Platelets, oxidant stress and erectile dysfunction: an hypothesis a , a b c b c 1. Introduction developing VED [5–9]. Similarly, the risk factors for atherosclerosis (diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia, age and The successful use of sildenafil (ViagraE) to treat smoking) are also risk factors for VED [5–9]. These risk vasculogenic erectile(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate seven methods for quantifying myocardial oedema [2 standard deviation (SD), 3 SD, 5 SD, full width at half maximum (FWHM), Otsu method, manual thresholding, and manual contouring] from T2-weighted short tau inversion recovery (T2w STIR) and also to reassess these same seven methods for quantifying acute infarct(More)
Background—Red blood cell transfusion can both benefit and harm. To inform decisions about transfusion, we aimed to quantify associations of transfusion with clinical outcomes and cost in patients having cardiac surgery. Methods and Results—Clinical, hematology, and blood transfusion databases were linked with the UK population register. Additional(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials in ischemic patients showed the safety and benefit of autologous bone marrow progenitor cell transplantation. Non-bone marrow progenitor cells with proangiogenic capacities have been described, yet they remain clinically unexploited owing to their scarcity, difficulty of access, and low ex vivo expansibility. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Although no randomised controlled trial has assessed the midterm effects of coronary-artery bypass surgery on the beating heart, this technique is being used in more and more patients. We did two randomised trials to compare the short-term morbidity associated with off-pump and on-pump myocardial revascularisation. Our aim was to pool the results(More)
BACKGROUND Autologous saphenous vein coronary artery bypass graft surgery is complicated by late graft failure due to neointima formation and subsequent atherosclerosis. Growth factors and metalloproteinases (MMPs) act in concert to promote neointima formation. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3), an extracellular matrix-associated MMP(More)
Reduced migratory function of circulating angiogenic progenitor cells (CPCs) has been associated with impaired neovascularization in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previous findings underline the role of the kallikrein-kinin system in angiogenesis. We now demonstrate the involvement of the kinin B2 receptor (B(2)R) in the recruitment of CPCs to(More)