Giannantonio Panza

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The conversion of the alpha-helical, cellular isoform of the prion protein (PrP(C)) to the insoluble, beta-sheet-rich, infectious, disease-causing isoform (PrP(Sc)) is the key event in prion diseases. In an earlier study, several forms of PrP were converted into a fibrillar state by using an in vitro conversion system consisting of low concentrations of SDS(More)
The conversion of the cellular isoform of the prion protein into the pathogenic isoform PrP(Sc) is the key event in prion diseases. The disease can occur spontaneously genetically or by infection. In earlier studies we presented an in vitro conversion system which simulates the structural transition in recPrP by varying low concentrations of SDS at constant(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative diseases that occur either spontaneously or genetically or are caused by infection. Spontaneously occurring prion diseases are age related. The infectious agents, called prions, are proteinaceous infectious particles, composed mainly of the host-encoded prion protein (PrP) in a misfolded, insoluble, and aggregated(More)
Prion diseases like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, Scrapie in sheep or bovine spongiform encephalopathy are fatal neurodegenerative diseases, which can be of sporadic, genetic, or infectious origin. Prion diseases are transmissible between different species, however, with a variable species barrier. The key event of prion amplification is the(More)
Protein aggregation occurs in many age-related neurodegenerative diseases, where it can lead to deposits of naturally occurring proteins in the brain. In case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), these deposits consist of prion protein (PrP). CJD has three etiologies: spontaneous, genetic, or caused by infection. A polymorphism within the PrP gene is(More)
Prion diseases like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans or scrapie in sheep and goats are infectious neurodegenerative diseases. Their infectious agent, called prion, is composed mainly of aggregated and misfolded prion protein and non-proteinaceous components. An example of such a common non-proteinaceous secondary component of natural prions is the(More)
Apoptosis has a major role in molding the embryo, in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis, and in the defense against pathogens, while its disgregulation is strongly implicated in cancer as well as in autoimmune and degenerative diseases. The opposite action of anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 family) and pro-apoptotic proteins (p53, Bax, Bak) regulates the(More)
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