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Numerous evidence has demonstrated the involvement in growth control of interferon (IFN) regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), which shows tumor suppressor activity. IRF-1 is a well-studied member of the IRF transcription factors that reveals functional diversity in the regulation of cellular response by activating expression of a diverse set of target genes,(More)
Treatment of cells with interferons (IFNs) induces resistance to virus infection. The 2'-5'oligo A (2-5A) synthetase/RNase L is one of the pathways leading to translation inhibition induced by IFN treatment. A murine cDNA encoding the 43-kDa 2-5A synthetase was cloned and sequenced. NIH-3T3 cell clones transfected with this cDNA expressed the enzymatic(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (typically 22 nucleotides) non-coding, endogenous, single-stranded RNAs. MiRNA genes are evolutionarily conserved and are located within the introns or exons of protein-coding genes, as well as in intergenic areas. Before the discovery of miRNAs, it had been known that a large part of the genome is not translated into proteins.(More)
Recent studies have revealed promising leads on the potential of interferons (IFNs) in combination with retinoids in solid tumor therapy. The role of IFN-alpha and retinoic acid (RA) in cervical cancer is currently under active study. Because preclinical and clinical data on IFN-beta in combination with retinoids show promising results against breast(More)
The viral protein Nef is a virulence factor that plays multiple roles during the early and late phases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. Nef regulates the cell surface expression of critical proteins (including down-regulation of CD4 and major histocompatibility complex class I), T-cell receptor signaling, and apoptosis, inducing(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) transcription factor binds to DNA sequence elements found in the promoters of type I IFN and IFN-inducible genes. Transient up-regulation of the IRF-1 gene by virus and IFN treatment causes the consequent induction of many IFN-inducible genes involved in cell growth control and apoptosis. We reported recently that(More)
Numerous microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs encoded in the human genome, have been shown to be involved in cancer pathogenesis and progression. There is evidence that some of these miRNAs possess proapoptotic or proliferation promoting roles in the cell by negatively regulating target mRNAs. Oncogenic viruses are able to produce persistent infection,(More)
Human Papilloma Viruses (HPVs) are the causative agents of cervical cancer although other types of cancers are associated with HPV infection. Type I Interferons can interfere with HPV E6- and/or E7-dependent transformation and can affect microRNA (miRNA) expression. Cancer cells show a specific pattern of miRNA expression and HPVs are able to modulate(More)
Tumor microenvironment can differ considerably in various types of tumors in terms of cellular and cytokine networks and molecular drivers. The well known link between inflammation and cancer has recently found a number of genetic and molecular confirmations. In this respect, numerous reports have revealed that infection and chronic inflammation can(More)
The in vivo and in vitro antitumor effectiveness of IFNs is well documented. Their combination with differentiating agents, such as retinoic acid, has been demonstrated to be a promising therapy for patients with advanced squamous cell cancer of the skin and the cervix. However, the mechanisms that mediate these antitumor responses are not yet known. We(More)