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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow are a recent source for tissue engineering. Several studies have shown that low-level laser irradiation has numerous biostimulating effects. The purpose(More)
Aim. In periodontology lasers have been suggested for the photodynamic therapy (PDT): such therapy can be defined as the inactivation of cells, microorganisms, or molecules induced by light and not(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and type of ponticulus posticus and to evaluate its relationship to gender, chronologic age, skeletal maturity, and skeletal malocclusion.(More)