Gianluca Villa

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Endothelial cells line the inner portion of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels; a basal membrane of extracellular matrix lines the extraluminal side of endothelial cells. The apical side of endothelial cells is the site for the glycocalyx, which is a complex network of macromolecules, including cell-bound proteoglycans and sialoproteins.(More)
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is common among surgical patients and associated with a worse outcome. Pathophysiology of POAF is not fully disclosed, and several perioperative factors could be involved. Direct cardiac stimulation from perioperative use of catecholamines or increased sympathetic outflow from volume loss/anaemia/pain may play a(More)
A new topology of wireless LANs, the Mesh networks, is gaining the attention of the international scientific community and has led the IEEE to the creation of a special working group, IEEE 802.11s. A WLAN mesh network is a IEEE 802.11 WLAN infrastructured network in which the communication within the Access Points in the same Extended Service Set (ESS) is(More)
INTRODUCTION Critically ill patients and patients undergoing high-risk and major surgery, are instrumented with intra-arterial catheters and invasive blood pressure is considered the "gold standard" for arterial pressure monitoring. Nonetheless, artifacts due to inappropriate dynamic response of the fluid-filled monitoring systems may lead to clinically(More)
This article reports the conclusions of a consensus expert conference on the basic principles and nomenclature of renal replacement therapy (RRT) currently utilized to manage acute kidney injury (AKI). This multidisciplinary consensus conference discusses common definitions, components, techniques, and operations of the machines and platforms used to(More)
This article reports the conclusions of the second part of a consensus expert conference on the nomenclature of renal replacement therapy (RRT) techniques currently utilized to manage acute kidney injury and other organ dysfunction syndromes in critically ill patients. A multidisciplinary approach was taken to achieve harmonization of definitions,(More)
PURPOSE Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in high-risk patients undergoing major surgery and is associated with longer hospital stay, increased risk for nosocomial infection and significantly higher costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective observational study exploring the incidence of AKI (AKIN classification at any stage) in(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an effective therapy for patients with reversible cardiac and/or respiratory failure. Acute kidney injury (AKI) often occurs in patients supported with ECMO; it frequently evolves into chronic kidney damage or end-stage renal disease and is associated with a reported 4-fold increase in mortality rate.(More)
Arterial hypertension is a very common condition. Cerebral, coronary and renal vessels are mainly affected by the deleterious effect of this condition, and both acute and chronic organ failure may ensue. Exacerbation of underlying pathophysiologic conditions or new precipitating factors can lead to hypertensive crisis, either urgencies or emergencies.(More)