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The success of allotransplants is critically dependent on both tissue viability and efficient removal of potentially toxic cryopreservants. In this study we analysed the dimethyl sulphoxide (Me2SO) content of cardiovascular tissue samples stored in tissue banks and optimized a washing protocol to be used before surgical implant. We compared the Me2SO(More)
BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new(More)
ATP acts as a neurotransmitter via seven P2X receptor-channels for Na(+) and Ca(2+), and eight G-protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Despite evidence suggesting roles in human heart, the map of myocardial P2 receptors is incomplete, and their involvement in chronic heart failure (CHF) has never received adequate attention. In left myocardia from five to nine(More)
BACKGROUND Only a few studies have focused the attention on the relation between elevated anti-Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) antibodies and the detection of CP in the arterial wall. The aim of our study is thus to investigate the relationship between immune response to CP and detection of CP in the aortic walls of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The surgical segments of aortic valve leaflets from patients with severe chronic aortic regurgitation were analyzed (by percentage and structure) for their content of complex polysaccharides and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and compared with control segments. METHODS The GAG, hyaluronic acid (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS) and(More)
The use of stem and progenitor cells in cardiovascular therapy has been proposed as a feasible option to promote repair of tissue damage by ischemia, or to devise definitive artificial tissue replacements (valves, vessels, myocardium) to be surgically implanted in patients. Whereas in other medical branches such as dermatology and ophthalmology the use of(More)
Increased oxidative stress in a failing heart may contribute to the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to identify the oxidised proteins in the myocardium of HF patients and analyse the consequences of oxidation on protein function. The carbonylated proteins in left ventricular tissue from failing (n = 14) and non-failing human(More)
Saphenous vein (SV) graft disease represents an unresolved problem in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). After CABG, a progressive remodelling of the SV wall occurs, possibly leading to occlusion of the lumen, a process termed 'intima hyperplasia' (IH). The investigation of cellular and molecular aspects of IH progression is a primary end-point toward(More)
The present contribution reviews recent progress in bioengineering approaches used to mimic arterial hemodynamic conditions in vascular grafts and vessel substitutes used in vascular surgery. While implantation of vascular bypasses is still the primary option for cardiac and vascular surgeons to recover blood perfusion in cardiac and peripheral ischemic(More)
Saphenous vein graft disease is a timely problem in coronary artery bypass grafting. Indeed, after exposure of the vein to arterial blood flow, a progressive modification in the wall begins, due to proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the intima. As a consequence, the graft progressively occludes and this leads to recurrent ischemia. In the present study(More)