Gianluca Polvani

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BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) is increasingly becoming a widely used technique and challenges conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting as the standard surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Little information, however, is available concerning postoperative performance of bypass grafts done with this new(More)
The success of allotransplants is critically dependent on both tissue viability and efficient removal of potentially toxic cryopreservants. In this study we analysed the dimethyl sulphoxide (Me2SO) content of cardiovascular tissue samples stored in tissue banks and optimized a washing protocol to be used before surgical implant. We compared the Me2SO(More)
BACKGROUND The immune rejection has been anticipated as one of the major causes of allograft aortic valve (AAV) degeneration. The purpose of this study was to prospectively serially measure the magnitude and evolution of the recipient anti-HLA class I antibody response up to 6 years from AAV implant and to correlate serologic data with valve performance by(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The surgical segments of aortic valve leaflets from patients with severe chronic aortic regurgitation were analyzed (by percentage and structure) for their content of complex polysaccharides and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and compared with control segments. METHODS The GAG, hyaluronic acid (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS) and(More)
Valvular heart disease, inherited or acquired, affects more than 5 million Americans yearly. Whereas medical treatment is beneficial in the initial stages of valvular heart disease, surgical correction provides symptomatic relief and long-term survival benefits. Surgical options include either repair or replacement using mechanical or bio-prosthetic valves.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the capacity of the 2-(acetyloxy)benzoic acid 3-(nitrooxymethyl)phenyl ester (NCX 4016), a nitric oxide (NO)-releaser derivative of aspirin, to decrease blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and to counteract the adrenergic vasoconstriction in perfused tail artery of these animals. Oral treatment(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the most important variables associated with early and late mortality in patients operated on for type A aortic dissection over a 15-year period. From January 1984 to March 1999, 110 patients underwent surgery for type A aortic dissection. The 88.1% of patients had an acute type A dissection (AD) and 11.8% had a chronic(More)
To report experience on the use of self-closing nitinol U-Clips for different types of intracranial arterial microanastomosis. We treated 7 patients (3 females and 4 males, age ranging from 25 to 68 yo) admitted from November 2005 to January 2008 to the Neurological Institute C. Besta of Milan. One patient had cerebral hypoperfusion and the others a complex(More)
ATP acts as a neurotransmitter via seven P2X receptor-channels for Na(+) and Ca(2+), and eight G-protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Despite evidence suggesting roles in human heart, the map of myocardial P2 receptors is incomplete, and their involvement in chronic heart failure (CHF) has never received adequate attention. In left myocardia from five to nine(More)