In a series of 2.980 brain-injured patients, 84 (2.8%) showed epileptic seizures. Epilepsy occurred with a higher incidence rate in operated patients (11.6%) than in non operated ones (1.2%). Seizures appeared within the first week since trauma in 91% of the cases. They have been single in 48%, recurring in 34%, with figures of status epilepticus in 16%… (More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to compare cranial arteries blood flow velocity as measured by means of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) with mean regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as measured by means of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in migraine with and without aura during headache-free periods and spontaneous… (More)
Two cases of acute postraumatic bilateral epidural hematomas with different clinical pictures are presented. In the review of the literature, acute, subacute and delayed bilateral epidural hematomas must be found. Clinical findings, results of CT scan and pathophysiology are discussed.
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is usually the result of life-threatening intracranial bleedings eventually leading to death. Early ventricular drainage is suggested as a possible means of reducing fatalities. The retrospective analysis of 80 patients with CT diagnosed IVHs has indeed shown that early drainage prolongs significantly survival before death… (More)
Some haematological diseases are associated to an increased risk of thromboembolic events. We report a case of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) in which a cerebrovascular event represented the first clinical manifestation of disease. PNH is associated to thromboembolic events, generally of venous districts often involving unusual locations such as… (More)
Multimodality evoked potentials (somatosensory and acoustic) have been recorded before surgery in children selected for surgical treatment for different kinds of craniostenosis and craniofacial stenosis. Evoked potentials were found to be deranged on at least one recording in 50% of cases, suggesting a significant incidence of neurophysiological alterations… (More)
The effects of propofol on cerebral blood flow velocity, cerebrospinal fluid pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure and mean arterial pressure were studied during induction in 25 patients scheduled for elective craniotomy. Premedication consisted of only atropine sulphate 0.007 mg/kg (im) 45 min before induction. Measurements were made or derived at time… (More)
Results following percutaneous thermorhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia are described in 111 patients. Recurrences and side effects are more frequent whenever selectivity of the surgical lesion has been imperfect (exceeding the original pain area and causing marked hypoesthesia), and less frequent in the cases with strictly selective lesion.
Thirty-six patients with SAH were submitted to continuous ICP monitoring: in 33 cases a continuous ventricular fluid pressure recording was performed in acute stage. According to Hunt and Hess, 2 patients were graded I, one II, one III, 13 IV and 16 V. In the remaining 3 cases who developed a normal pressure hydrocephalus 15, 20 and 40 days from bleeding an… (More)