Gianluca Aguiari

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Biostite is a hydroxyapatite-derived biomaterial that is used in periodontal and bone reconstructive procedures due to its osteoconductive properties. Since the molecular effects of this biomaterial on osteoblasts are still unknown, we decided to assess whether it may specifically modulate osteoblast functions in vitro. We found that a brief exposure to(More)
Mutations in either PKD1 or PKD2 gene are associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, the most common inherited kidney disorder. Polycystin-2 (PC2), the PKD2 gene product, and the related protein polycystin-L, function as Ca(2+)-permeable, nonselective cation channels in different expression systems. This work describes a nonspecific(More)
OBJECTIVES Polycystin-1 (PC1), a signalling receptor regulating Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels, is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, which is typically characterized by increased cell proliferation. However, the precise mechanisms by which PC1 functions on Ca(2+) homeostasis, signalling and cell proliferation remain unclear. Here,(More)
Two transcripts of the human estrogen receptor (ER) gene have been described, ER mRNA 1 and mRNA 2, different in their 5' untranslated region. By performing reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction with oligonucleotides specific for the 5' genomic region of the human ER gene we have identified a new ER RNA transcript. The sequence analysis of cDNA(More)
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), renal cyst development and enlargement, as well as cell growth, are associated with alterations in several pathways, including cAMP and activator protein 1 (AP1) signalling. However, the precise mechanism by which these molecules stimulate cell proliferation is not yet fully understood. We now show by(More)
Renal cell carcinoma is a common neoplasia of the adult kidney that accounts for about 3% of adult malignancies. Clear cell renal carcinoma is the most frequent subtype of kidney cancer and 20-40% of patients develop metastases. The absence of appropriate biomarkers complicates diagnosis and prognosis of this disease. In this regard, small noncoding RNAs(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNAs that govern many biological processes. They frequently acquire a gain or a loss of function in cancer and hence play a causative role in the development and progression of neoplasms. They could be used as biomarkers to improve our knowledge on diagnosis, prognosis and drug resistance, and to attempt therapeutic(More)
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