Gianluca Aguiari

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OBJECTIVES Polycystin-1 (PC1), a signalling receptor regulating Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels, is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, which is typically characterized by increased cell proliferation. However, the precise mechanisms by which PC1 functions on Ca(2+) homeostasis, signalling and cell proliferation remain unclear. Here,(More)
Polycystin-1 (PC1) is a large transmembrane protein important in renal differentiation and defective in most cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a common cause of renal failure in adults. Although the genetic basis of ADPKD has been elucidated, molecular and cellular mechanisms responsible for the dysregulation of epithelial cell(More)
It is well known that breast carcinomas without estrogen receptor (ER) have a poor prognosis and do not respond to endocrine therapy. In analyzing the question of the lack of ER gene expression, we have considered the possibility that specific negative transcription factors are present in ER-negative breast cancers. Inside the P3 upstream promoter of human(More)
Polycystin-2 (PC2), encoded by the PKD2 gene, mutated in 10-15% of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients, is a Ca2+-permeable cation channel present in kidney epithelia and other tissues. As PC2 was found expressed in B-lymphoblastoid cells (LCLs) and Ca2+ signaling pathways are important regulators of B cell function activities, we(More)
The effects of androgen and estrogen on cell growth and gene expression were investigated in KJ29 kidney epithelial cells. Incorporation of 3H leucine and 3H thymidine was increased by androgen at 10nM, but not by estrogen. Estrogen however, inhibited the effects induced by androgen. In addition, cell number and the proliferation marker Ki67 were increased(More)
The polycystic kidney disease 2 (PKD2) gene, encoding a 968-amino acid integral membrane protein with six predicted membrane-spanning domains and intracellular NH2 and COOH termini, is mutated in approximately 15% of the cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a common genetic disease frequently resulting in renal failure. For a(More)
Cyst growth and expansion in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) has been attributed to numerous factors, including ATP, cAMP and adenosine signalling. Although the role of ATP and cAMP has been widely investigated in PKD1-deficient cells, no information is currently available on adenosine-mediated signalling. Here we investigate for the(More)
Polycystin-1 (PC1) is a membrane protein expressed in tubular epithelia of developing kidneys and in other ductal structures. Recent studies indicate this protein to be putatively important in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) levels in various cell types, but little evidence exists for kidney epithelial cells. Here we examined the role of the PC1 cytoplasmic(More)