Gianfranco Salvioli

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AIM To calibrate eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy adults. RESEARCH DESIGN A cross-sectional study was carried out. SUBJECTS Sixty-eight females and 42 males aged 21-82 years participated in the study. METHODS(More)
To evaluate the importance of serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) in elderly patients who developed delirium following hospital admission, we performed a cross-sectional study with consecutively referred inpatients in a university geriatric medical ward. Sixty-one patients aged 66 to 95 years (mean age: 79.2+/-11.6; 54% females) were recruited. Delirium(More)
BACKGROUND Summer 2003 witnessed an excess in heat-related mortality in the elderly population. The Argento Project was planned to define risk factors for heat-related death in Modena, Italy, during the hottest month of 2003 (August). METHODS We performed a retrospective, case-control study of a cohort of 394 older persons living in Modena, 197 dead(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To study the relationship between bone mineral content (BMC), lean tissue mass (LTM) and fat mass (FM) in a large sample of young and elderly women. RESEARCH DESIGN Cross-sectional. METHODS AND PROCEDURES BMC, LTM and FM were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 2009 free-dwelling Caucasian women aged 63 +/- 7 years (mean(More)
A decrease of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) may represent a therapeutic promise for reducing the impact of atherosclerosis. N -Acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is a thiol-containing compound interfering with endogenous thiols, cysteine (Cys) and Hcy, by forming with them mixed disulphides with a possibly more efficient renal clearance. The aim of this work was to assess(More)
This random double-blind trial compares psychological well-being and perceived quality of life in 60 subjects (18 M, 42 F), mean age 61 years, with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI), who were administered a standardised ginseng-containing vitamin complex or placebo for 9 months. We evaluated psychological well-being, in terms of affective status and(More)
Apoptosis plays a central role in the homeostasis of the immune system. During aging, there is an altered regulation of pivotal molecules that are responsible for the regulation of this type of cell death, such as those of the Fas/FasL system. Understanding the regulation of these genes can help to clarify, at least in part, the age-related changes that(More)
Acute administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may induce alterations in plasma and urinary levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and cysteine (Cys). We studied the effects of continuous oral NAC therapy on different Hcy and Cys plasma and urinary forms in 40 healthy subjects assigned to three groups (groups A: n = 13, no therapy; group B: n = 14, NAC 600 mg/day,(More)
Squalene is an obligate intermediate of cholesterol synthesis and plasma squalene to cholesterol ratio correlates significantly with cholesterol synthesis rate in the liver. Sixteen nonobese patients with radiolucent gallstones were randomly allocated into two treatment groups receiving 15 mg/kg/day ursodeoxycholic acid (group A) or 15 mg/kg/day lactose(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the applicability and safety of a standardized diagnostic algorithm in geriatric departments and to define the prevalence of different causes of syncope in older patients. DESIGN Multicenter cross-sectional observational study. SETTING In-hospital geriatric acute care departments and outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred(More)