Gianfranco Puoti

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Phenotypic heterogeneity of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has been linked to biochemically distinct types of the protease-resistant form of the prion protein (type 1 and type 2 PrP(Sc)). We investigated 14 cases of sporadic CJD and found that both type 1 and type 2 PrP(Sc) coexisted in 5 subjects. The distinct PrP(Sc) isoforms were associated(More)
Human prion diseases can be sporadic, inherited, or acquired by infection. Distinct clinical and pathological characteristics separate sporadic diseases into three phenotypes: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), fatal insomnia, and variably protease-sensitive prionopathy. CJD accounts for more than 90% of all cases of sporadic prion disease; it is commonly(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study is to report 2 new genotypic forms of protease-sensitive prionopathy (PSPr), a novel prion disease described in 2008, in 11 subjects all homozygous for valine at codon 129 of the prion protein (PrP) gene (129VV). The 2 new PSPr forms affect individuals who are either homozygous for methionine (129MM) or heterozygous for(More)
The prion protein (PrP) is best known for its association with prion diseases. However, a controversial new role for PrP in Alzheimer disease (AD) has recently emerged. In vitro studies and mouse models of AD suggest that PrP may be involved in AD pathogenesis through a highly specific interaction with amyloid-β (Aβ42) oligomers. Immobilized recombinant(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the respective efficiency of CSF tau (quantitative) and CSF 14-3-3 protein (qualitative) in the diagnosis of prion disease. METHODS We made measurements on 420 live subjects, who subsequently underwent a postmortem neuropathology examination, including protein chemistry, immunohistochemistry, and histology. We performed tau by ELISA.(More)
In prion-related encephalopathies, microglial activation occurs early and is dependent on accumulation of disease-specific forms of the prion protein (PrPSc) and may play a role in nerve cell death. Previously, we found that different types of PrPSc (i.e. type 1 and type 2) coexisted in approximately 25% of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease(More)
The neuropathological diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease relies on the immunohistochemical demonstration of the proteinase-K resistant form of the prion protein (PrPres) in the brain tissue. The antigenicity of PrPres is strongly reduced by the formalin solution widely used to fix the tissue, thus the PrPres immunoreactivity is inconsistently detectable(More)
AIM Acute Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a severe neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, most commonly found in chronic alcoholics. It is not so easy to suspect acute WE when the clinical picture does not include all the typical symptoms and alcohol abuse is not reported. Three rare cases of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) in non-alcoholic(More)