Gianfranco D'Ambrosio

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Laparoscopic rectal resection for malignancy is still debated. Concern has been expressed regarding the lack of significant data from larger patient series with longer periods of follow-up. The aims of this study were to compare long-term outcome with a minimum follow-up of four years in unselected patients undergoing either laparoscopic(More)
It is commonly believed that the atrial contribution to left ventricular filling increases during heart rate increments. However, the relative contribution of the pump function (atrial systole) and of the passive role (diastasis and reservoir) of the atrium to end-diastolic left ventricular filling is not well known. In order to investigate this problem, we(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was performed to evaluate the effects of L-carnitine administration on long-term left ventricular dilation in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND Carnitine is a physiologic compound that performs an essential role in myocardial energy production at the mitochondrial level. Myocardial carnitine deprivation(More)
Very little is known about the effects of acute myocardial ischemia on left ventricular filling. Previous studies of these effects have been of limited value because they were performed with 1) imaging techniques that, like cineventriculography or radionuclide ventriculography, do not allow beat to beat monitoring of left ventricular filling throughout the(More)
Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed at rest and during rapid transesophageal atrial pacing in 85 patients undergoing coronary arteriography for evaluation of chest pain. Transesophageal atrial pacing was performed with 10 ms pulses of 6 to 27 mA intensity; the rate was progressively increased up to 150 beats/min. Four patients were excluded: two(More)
Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography during transesophageal atrial pacing (TAP) was recently proposed as an alternative to exercise 2-D echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). To compare these 2 methods, 78 consecutive patients with good-quality echocardiographic (echo) examinations at rest were studied. Two-dimensional(More)
The aim of this study was to compare cardiac catheterization (CATH) with 2D echo-Doppler (ED) in clinically evaluating the stroke volumes (SV) needed to calculate aortic and mitral regurgitant fractions (aortic and mitral SV for the ED method, thermodilution and angiographic SV for the CATH). As there is no 'gold standard' for this kind of measurement, only(More)
Acute changes in intrathoracic pressure (ITP) affect left ventricular (LV) function. It has been suggested that this functional impairment could be the result of an alteration in LV filling caused by a reduction in LV compliance induced by the rearrangement of biventricular geometry that occurs under these conditions. Therefore, to evaluate the effects of(More)
Atrial pacing can safely be utilized shortly after myocardial infarction. To evaluate the prognostic value of wall motion abnormalities induced by such pacing 83 consecutive patients with recent uncomplicated myocardial infarction underwent transthoracic cross-sectional echocardiography during transesophageal atrial pacing and upright bicycle exercise(More)
Atrial pacing has been recently re-evaluated as a stress test for the detection of coronary artery disease. This sort of stress, especially if used in conjunction with cardiac imaging techniques can be considered a reliable alternative to physical exercise. In patients with recent myocardial infarction it can be usefully and safely utilized to obtain(More)