Gianfranco Cicoria

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Hypoxia is a pathological condition arising in living tissues when oxygen supply does not adequately cover the cellular metabolic demand. Detection of this phenomenon in tumors is of the utmost clinical relevance because tumor aggressiveness, metastatic spread, failure to achieve tumor control, increased rate of recurrence, and ultimate poor outcome are all(More)
Accurate determination of calibration factors for radionuclide activity meters is crucial for quantitative studies and in the optimization step of radiation protection, as these detectors are widespread in radiopharmacy and nuclear medicine facilities. In this work we developed the Monte Carlo model of a widely used activity meter, using the Geant4(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIM Scintigraphic imaging of infection and inflammation with 67Ga-citrate is an established and powerful diagnostic tool in the management of patients with infectious or inflammatory diseases. 68Ga is a short-lived positron-emitting radionuclide (half-life 67.6 min, positron energy 2.92 MeV), which allows better imaging qualities than 67Ga(More)
68Ga labeled radiopharmaceuticals, like 68Ga-DOATNOC and other similar peptides, are gaining relevance in PET-CT, thanks to relatively easy local generator production, that do not requires an installed cyclotron. However, generator produced 68Ga is typically of suboptimal purity, mainly due to the breakthrough of the parent radionuclide 68Ge. Modern(More)
AIM Porphyrin-loaded core-shell nanoparticles have been engineered for use as in vivo sonosensitizing systems, radio-tracers or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging agents, which may be suitable for the selective treatment of solid tumors and imaging analyses. MATERIALS & METHODS Polymethyl methacrylate nanoparticles (PMMANPs) have been either loaded with(More)
Somatostatin receptors 1-5 are over expressed in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). 68Ga-labelled [1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid]-1-Nal3-Octreotide (DOTA NOC), a recent synthesized somatostatin analogue, shows high affinity for those receptors. Herein, modifications of a commercial module for the labelling of DOTA NOC with 68Ga, as(More)
AIMS Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) (Cu-ATSM) is a hypoxia-avid, positron emitter radiotracer. The primary aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of pretherapy Cu-ATSM PET/CT as a prognostic factor of response to therapy. The secondary aims are to investigate if there is a difference between early and late PET/CT scans and if there is a(More)
The widely used Monte Carlo simulation code FLUKA has been utilized to prototype a solid target for the production of (89)Zr by irradiation of a metallic (89)Y target foil in a 16.5MeV proton biomedical cyclotron, through the reaction (89)Y(p, n)(89)Zr. Simulations were performed with and without an Al energy degrader. In the setup of the geometry of the(More)
In a medical cyclotron facility, (41)Ar (t1/2 = 109.34 m) is produced by the activation of air due to the neutron flux during irradiation, according to the (40)Ar(n,γ)(41)Ar reaction; this is particularly relevant in widely diffused high beam current cyclotrons for the production of PET radionuclides. While theoretical estimations of the (41)Ar production(More)
In this paper, radionuclidic impurities generated during the bombardment of [18 O]water in the routine production of 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([18F]FDG) were studied. In order to assess such impurities and the efficacy of purification methods through the different steps of the synthesis, samples of the target filters, purification columns, [18(More)