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Although bortezomib (BTZ) is the frontline treatment for multiple myeloma, its clinical use is limited by the occurrence of painful peripheral neuropathy, whose treatment is still an unmet clinical need. Previous studies have shown chronic BTZ administration (0.20 mg/kg intravenously three times a week for 8 weeks) to female Wistar rats induced a peripheral(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine which binds to human neutrophils (PMN) and can directly or indirectly activate their functions. In this study we show that a brief exposure to IL-1 beta induces a potentiation of both PMN elastase release and chemotactic response to interleukin-8 (IL-8), the prototype of C-X-C chemokines.(More)
Intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces an inflammatory response characterized by infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) into the extracellular matrix and by the release of mediators that play a fundamental role in lung damage. In the present study, we developed a mouse model which allows correlation of the inflammatory(More)
We investigated the possible effects of the mucoactive drug Carbocysteine lysine salt monohydrate (CLS.H2O) on experimentally-induced airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. CLS.H2O given by the oral route (300 mg kg(-1)) significantly reduced neutrophil infiltration into the airway lumen induced by intratracheal injection of IL-1 beta in rats. In(More)
The lupus-like autoimmune syndrome of MRL/Mp-Tnfrsf6lpr (lpr) mice is characterized by progressive lymphadenopathy and autoantibody production, leading to early death from renal failure. Activation of T helper lymphocytes is one of the events in the pathogenesis of the disease in these mice and likely in human systemic lupus erythematosus. Among T helper(More)
Two decades of investigations have failed to unequivocally clarify the functions and the molecular nature of imidazoline-2 receptors (I2R). However, there is robust pharmacological evidence for the functional modulation of monoamino oxidase (MAO) and other important enzyme activities by I2 site ligands. Some compounds of this class proved to be active(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) have an intrinsic dual nature: they are trophic cytokines preventing apoptosis on one side and scatter factors promoting invasion on the other. For therapeutic use, their anti-apoptotic activity must be separated from their pro-invasive activity. To this end, we engineered chimeric(More)
OBJECTIVE ADAMTS5 (aggrecanase-2) has been demonstrated to be crucial in the development of osteoarthritis (OA), by use of several mouse mutants carrying either truncated, catalytically inactive enzymes or aggrecanase-resistant mutant aggrecan. We have selected recombinant monoclonal antibodies directed against ADAMTS5, by using Intracellular Antibody(More)
Adaptation to hypoxia through activation of the hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is crucial for tumor cells survival. Here we describe the antitumoral effects of the new molecule CR 3294 on tumor cells in the presence of hypoxia. Treatment of the breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231 with CR 3294 in 1% O(2) resulted in an in vivo and in vitro inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CR4056 is a novel imidazoline-2 (I2 ) ligand exhibiting potent analgesic activity in animal models of pain. In this study, we investigated the effects of CR4056 in a well-established model of postoperative pain where rats develop hyperalgesia in the injured hind paw. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH By measuring paw withdrawal threshold to(More)