Gianfranco Caselli

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Although bortezomib (BTZ) is the frontline treatment for multiple myeloma, its clinical use is limited by the occurrence of painful peripheral neuropathy, whose treatment is still an unmet clinical need. Previous studies have shown chronic BTZ administration (0.20 mg/kg intravenously three times a week for 8 weeks) to female Wistar rats induced a peripheral(More)
Two decades of investigations have failed to unequivocally clarify the functions and the molecular nature of imidazoline-2 receptors (I2R). However, there is robust pharmacological evidence for the functional modulation of monoamino oxidase (MAO) and other important enzyme activities by I2 site ligands. Some compounds of this class proved to be active(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CR4056 is a novel imidazoline-2 (I2 ) ligand exhibiting potent analgesic activity in animal models of pain. In this study, we investigated the effects of CR4056 in a well-established model of postoperative pain where rats develop hyperalgesia in the injured hind paw. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH By measuring paw withdrawal threshold to(More)
The lupus-like autoimmune syndrome of MRL/Mp-Tnfrsf6lpr (lpr) mice is characterized by progressive lymphadenopathy and autoantibody production, leading to early death from renal failure. Activation of T helper lymphocytes is one of the events in the pathogenesis of the disease in these mice and likely in human systemic lupus erythematosus. Among T helper(More)
Intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces an inflammatory response characterized by infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) into the extracellular matrix and by the release of mediators that play a fundamental role in lung damage. In the present study, we developed a mouse model which allows correlation of the inflammatory(More)
The nature of histamine receptors in peripheral tissues is still controversial. However, evidence of heterogeneous classes of binding sites for [3H]-mepyramine are reported in the literature. The aim of our study was, therefore, to investigate the nature of this heterogeneity by comparing [3H]-mepyramine study was, therefore, to investigate the nature of(More)
Colchicine, a known inhibitor of microtubule polymerization and a suppressor of granulocyte development and motility, has been shown, by the group of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, to induce the formation of new bone in the marrow cavities of rat long bones [1–3]. A recent paper by Wlodarski and Wlodarski [4], however, states that in their hands, this(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased levels of glutamate, the main excitatory neurotransmitter, are found in the synovial fluid of osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Our aim was to study glutamate signaling in chondrocytes, focusing on the composition, pharmacology, and functional role of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors. METHODS We used the human chondrocyte(More)
We investigated the possible effects of the mucoactive drug Carbocysteine lysine salt monohydrate (CLS.H2O) on experimentally-induced airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. CLS.H2O given by the oral route (300 mg kg(-1)) significantly reduced neutrophil infiltration into the airway lumen induced by intratracheal injection of IL-1 beta in rats. In(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine which binds to human neutrophils (PMN) and can directly or indirectly activate their functions. In this study we show that a brief exposure to IL-1 beta induces a potentiation of both PMN elastase release and chemotactic response to interleukin-8 (IL-8), the prototype of C-X-C chemokines.(More)