Gianfranco Caselli

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Two decades of investigations have failed to unequivocally clarify the functions and the molecular nature of imidazoline-2 receptors (I2R). However, there is robust pharmacological evidence for the functional modulation of monoamino oxidase (MAO) and other important enzyme activities by I2 site ligands. Some compounds of this class proved to be active(More)
Although bortezomib (BTZ) is the frontline treatment for multiple myeloma, its clinical use is limited by the occurrence of painful peripheral neuropathy, whose treatment is still an unmet clinical need. Previous studies have shown chronic BTZ administration (0.20 mg/kg intravenously three times a week for 8 weeks) to female Wistar rats induced a peripheral(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a ubiquitous intracellular protein disulfide oxidoreductase with a CXXC active site that can be released by various cell types upon activation. We show here that Trx is chemotactic for monocytes, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and T lymphocytes, both in vitro in the standard micro Boyden chamber migration assay and in vivo in the mouse(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CR4056 is a novel imidazoline-2 (I2 ) ligand exhibiting potent analgesic activity in animal models of pain. In this study, we investigated the effects of CR4056 in a well-established model of postoperative pain where rats develop hyperalgesia in the injured hind paw. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH By measuring paw withdrawal threshold to(More)
Using the patch-clamp technique, we studied the effect of two novel adamantane derivatives, N-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-1-adamantyl)ethyl] guanidine (CR 3391) and N-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-1-adamantyl) ethyl]acetamidine (CR 3394), on NMDA receptors expressed in cortical neuron cultures. Our data show that CR 3391 and CR 3394 reduce NMDA-evoked currents (IC50 = 1.7 +/- 0.6(More)
Several clinical studies demonstrated that glucosamine sulfate (GS) is effective in controlling osteoarthritis (OA), showing a structure-modifying action. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism(s) by which GS exerts such action and about the effects of GS at a tissue level on osteoarthritic cartilage and other joint structures. Here we(More)
PURPOSE Gastrointestinal mucositis, commonly associated with diarrhea, is a dose-limiting toxicity of chemotherapy. The new benzamidine derivative CR3294 reduces tissue damage in animal models of intestinal inflammation. Thus, we tested whether CR3294 had the potential to prevent chemotherapy-induced mucositis. METHODS In tests on isolated cells, reactive(More)
Microdialysis in intact and denervated striatum of unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned rats was used to investigate whether CR 3394, N-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-1-adamantyl)ethyl]acetamidine, an adamantane derivative with preferential selectivity for the NR2B subunit of the NMDA receptor, has dopamine releasing properties in vivo. We also investigated(More)
Multivalency is widely used in nature in specific recognition processes. This paper describes an approach to multivalency in the pentameric 5-HT3 receptor, a ligand-gated ion channel, which constitutes an example of intrinsically multivalent biological receptors. Owing to the picomolar Ki value, TETRA-L represents an outstanding multivalent ligand for the(More)
Starting from a orexin 1 receptor selective antagonist 4,4-disubstituted piperidine series a novel potent 5-azaspiro[2.4]heptane dual orexin 1 and orexin 2 receptor antagonist class has been discovered. SAR and Pharmacokinetic optimization of this series is herein disclosed. Lead compound 15 exhibits potent activity against orexin 1 and orexin 2 receptors(More)