Gianfrancesco Goracci

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Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) is involved in cell signaling and apoptosis. The mechanisms regulating its synthesis and degradation are still not defined. Thus, its role in these processes cannot be clearly established at molecular level. In higher eukaryotes, PtdSer is synthesized from phosphatidylethanolamine or phosphatidylcholine through the exchange of(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effects of BTX-A on visceral afferent nerve transmission by measuring bladder tissue NGF levels in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity before and after intravesical treatment with BTX-A. We also compared the bladder tissue NGF content with clinical and urodynamic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 23 patients(More)
Several "low molecular weight" or "secretory" phospholipases A(2) isoforms may be expressed in mammalian neural cells. Indeed, mRNAs for GIB, GIIA, GIIE, GIII, GV, GX, and GXII were detected in brain tissues despite different levels. However, only the presence of GIB, GIIA, and GV proteins has been clearly demonstrated in neural cells or in the nervous(More)
Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s) are involved in neuritogenesis but the identity of the isoforms(s) contributing to this process is still not defined. Several reports have focused on secretory PLA(2)s (sPLA(2)) as the administration of exogenous sPLA(2)s to PC12 neuronal cells stimulates neurite outgrowth. The present study demonstrates that the endogenous(More)
In the present work, the Ca(2+) dependence of mitochondrial H(2) O(2) elimination was investigated. Mitochondria isolated from guinea pig brain were energized by glutamate and malate and incubated with micromolar concentrations of Ca(2+) in the presence of ADP, preventing permeability transition pore formation. After the completion of Ca(2+) uptake,(More)
Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)) participate in neuronal death signalling pathways because of their ability to release lipid mediators, although the contribution of each isoform and mechanism of neurotoxicity are still elusive. Using a novel fluorogenic method to assess changes in a PLA(2) activity by flow cytometry, here we show that the group IIA secretory(More)
In rat brainstem slices, we investigated the interaction between platelet-activating factor and group I metabotropic glutamate receptors in mediating long-term potentiation within the medial vestibular nuclei. We analysed the N1 field potential wave evoked in the ventral portion of the medial vestibular nuclei by primary vestibular afferent stimulation. The(More)
Microinjections of fluorescent tracers (Nuclear Yellow and Fast Blue) were used to study the organization of olivary cells in nucleus beta which give rise to climbing fibers to the medial zone of the uvula and the intermediate zone of the pyramis. It was determined that most cells in nucleus beta project to one or the other of these cortical sites. A third,(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a phospholipid mediator of long-term potentiation, synaptic plasticity and memory formation as well as of the development of brain damage. In brain, PAF is synthesized by two distinct pathways but their relative contribution to its productions, in various physiological and pathological conditions, is not established. We(More)