Gianfranca Auricchio

Learn More
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy of lamotrigine (LTG) and valproic acid (VPA) in newly diagnosed children and adolescents with typical absence seizures. METHODS A randomized, open-label parallel-group design was used. After undergoing an awake video-EEG recording, which included one to two trials of 3 min of hyperventilation and intermittent photic(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) in a large population of children, adolescents, and young adults with epilepsy alone or in association with cerebral palsy and/or mental retardation. METHODS Ninety-six patients were enrolled in the study. The group comprised 50 males and 46 females, aged between 3 and 25 years (mean(More)
High doses of orally administered vitamin E (1000 IU/day) have been given to ten normal volunteers. Ten control subjects received placebo. Red blood cell glutathione was significantly higher in treated subjects than in the controls (controls: 267.5 +/- 15.7 micrograms/mL; treated: 374.8 +/- 17.3 micrograms/mL). These findings could be explained by an(More)
The effect of malondialdehyde on structural features of bovine alpha-crystallin has been investigated by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy as well as by far-UV circular dichroism. Experimental evidence suggests the occurrence of intermolecular cross-linking induced by malondialdehyde. This cross-linking does not seem to affect the tryptophan(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) has been shown to be toxic to the lens in organ culture. An investigation into whether vitamin E counteracts the in vitro damaging effect of LPC on rat lenses was undertaken. A concentration higher than 10 micrograms ml-1 LPC in the culture medium is necessary to damage rat lenses, as assessed by protein content of the medium(More)
22% of a group of adult Neapolitans were found to have persistent high lactase activity, and 16% were lactose absorbers as indicated by measurement of breath hydrogen concentration and rise in blood glucose after oral lactose administration. Among adults in the same area with idiopathic senile or presenile cataract 49% were identified as lactose absorbers(More)
This study was performed to evaluate carnitine deficiency in a large series of epilepsy children and adolescents treated with old and new antiepileptic drugs with or without ketogenic diet. Plasma free carnitine was determined in 164 epilepsy patients aged between 7 months and 30 years (mean 10.8 years) treated for a mean period of 7.5 years (range 1(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the behavioral and cognitive effects following treatment with topiramate in children and adolescents with epilepsy with mild to profound mental retardation. The study group comprised 29 children, 16 males and 13 females, aged 3 to 19 years, affected by partial (4) and generalized (25) crypto/symptomatic epilepsy(More)
To investigate the role of lipid peroxidation in human cataract, malondialdehyde, a breakdown product of lipid peroxidation, was measured in clear and cataractous lenses from normal subjects, and in cataractous lenses from diabetics and from subjects with severe myopia. The cataractous lenses contained more malondialdehyde than did clear lenses and the(More)