Giandomenica Iezzi

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It is known that T cells engage antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in a stable interaction that results in sustained TCR signaling. We show here that the duration of this process is critical in determining whether T cells will be activated or deleted. Whereas naive T cells require approximately 20 hr of sustained signaling to be committed to proliferation,(More)
Background:The aim of this study was to elucidate the prognostic impact of putative cancer stem cell markers CD133, CD166, CD44s, EpCAM, and aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1) in colorectal cancer.Methods:A tissue microarray of 1420 primary colorectal cancers and 57 normal mucosa samples was immunostained for CD133, CD166, CD44s, EpCAM, and ALDH1 in addition(More)
Granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is critically involved in development of organ-related autoimmune inflammatory diseases including experimental allergic encephalitis and collagen-induced arthritis. Roles of GM-CSF in the initiation and in the effector phase of the autoimmune response have been proposed. Our study was designed to(More)
Background:The tumour-host interaction at the invasive front of colorectal cancer, including the epithelial–mesenchymal transition and its hallmark ‘tumour budding’, is an important area of investigation in terms of prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of a ‘pro-/anti-tumour’ approach defined by an established ‘pro-tumour’(More)
Programmed death via apoptosis is the metazoan physiologic mode of cell death. Apoptotic cells are recognized by scavenger phagocytes via a number of membrane receptors and engulfed. Thereafter, little is known of their fate, or that of phagocytes. Here, we have traced apoptotic cells upon their engulfment by macrophages. After 3 h, apoptotic cells were(More)
1998). While these studies represent a clear step forward in defining the requirements for aggregation in initiating TCR signaling, they still leave several open questions. The first model does not explain how a few complexes (say, less than 10) per APC might rapidly trigger T cells, while the second does not account for CD8-independent Switzerland(More)
BACKGROUND Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor triggering by PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibits T cell activation. PD-L1 expression was detected in different malignancies and associated with poor prognosis. Therapeutic antibodies inhibiting PD-1/PD-L1 interaction have been developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS A tissue microarray (n=1491) including healthy colon(More)
IL-17-producing CD4(+) T cells have been recognized as key players in organ-related autoimmune disease; however, the parameters that govern their development are yet to be elucidated fully. By using both in vivo and in vitro systems, we have investigated the role of antigen dose, pathogen-associated molecular patterns, and CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L)(More)
Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV) cause chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by poorly understood mechanisms. We show that cytokines lymphotoxin (LT) alpha and beta and their receptor (LTbetaR) are upregulated in HBV- or HCV-induced hepatitis and HCC. Liver-specific LTalphabeta expression in mice induces liver inflammation and HCC,(More)
The most common reason for heart failure in young adults is dilated cardiomyopathy often resulting from myocarditis. Clinical studies and animal models provide evidence that an autoimmune response against heart myosin is the underlying reason for the disease. IL-12 has been suggested to play a key role in development of experimental autoimmune myocarditis(More)