Giancarlo Solaini

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Rhodamine 123 (RH-123) was used to monitor the membrane potential of mitochondria isolated from rat liver. Mitochondrial energization induces quenching of RH-123 fluorescence and the rate of fluorescence decay is proportional to the mitochondrial membrane potential. Exploiting the kinetics of RH-123 fluorescence quenching in the presence of succinate and(More)
We analysed key biochemical features that reflect the balance between glycolysis and glucose oxidation in cybrids (cytoplasmic hybrids) harbouring a representative sample of mitochondrial DNA point mutations and deletions. The cybrids analysed had the same 143B cell nuclear background and were isogenic for the mitochondrial background. The 143B cell line(More)
It is now clear that mitochondrial defects are associated with a large variety of clinical phenotypes. This is the result of the mitochondria's central role in energy production, reactive oxygen species homeostasis, and cell death. These processes are interdependent and may occur under various stressing conditions, among which low oxygen levels (hypoxia)(More)
Intracellular amyloid beta-peptide (A beta) accumulation is considered to be a key pathogenic factor in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the mechanisms by which it triggers neuronal dysfunction remain unclear. We hypothesized that gradual mitochondrial dysfunction could play a central role in both initiation and progression of sporadic AD. Thus, we(More)
Mutations in the ATP6 gene of mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) have been shown to cause several different neurological disorders. The product of this gene is ATPase 6, an essential component of the F1F0-ATPase. In the present study we show that the function of the F1F0-ATPase is impaired in lymphocytes from ten individuals harbouring the mtDNA T8993G point(More)
Heart tissue is remarkably sensitive to oxygen deprivation. Although heart cells, like those of most tissues, rapidly adapt to anoxic conditions, relatively short periods of ischaemia and subsequent reperfusion lead to extensive tissue death during cardiac infarction. Heart tissue is not readily regenerated, and permanent heart damage is the result.(More)
Aluminum (Al) has been implicated in several neurological diseases including dialysis dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). One possible mechanism of Al neurotoxicity could involve alteration of mitochondrial gene expression. We exposed PC12 cells to 0.1-100 microM AlCl3 for 6h at pH 7.4. Internalized Al, measured by atomic absorption spectrometry, was(More)
We previously showed that the exposure of vascular endothelium to oleate results in reduced endothelial activation. We now investigate possible mechanisms for this effect in relation to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We stimulated several types of endothelial cells with cytokines or lipopolysaccharide, with or without preincubation with 10-100(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify whether enhanced substrate-level phosphorylation increases viability and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) content of cells with neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa/maternally inherited Leigh syndrome (NARP/MILS) mitochondrial DNA mutations and ATP synthase dysfunction. DESIGN We used cell lines "poisoned" with oligomycin, the(More)
Two point mutations (T>G and T>C) at the same 8993 nucleotide of mitochondrial DNA (at comparable mutant load), affecting the ATPase 6 subunit of the F1F0-ATPase, result in neurological phenotypes of variable severity in humans. We have investigated mitochondrial function in lymphocytes from individuals carrying the 8993T>C mutation: the results were(More)