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BACKGROUND & AIMS Little is known about the long-term effects of interferon alpha on clinical outcome and survival of patients with chronic hepatitis D. METHODS Thirty-six patients with chronic hepatitis D who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a 48-week course of high (9 million units) or low (3 million units) doses of interferon alpha or(More)
Peginterferon (Peg-IFN) alfa in combination with ribavirin represents the gold standard treatment for chronic hepatitis C, but is associated with various side effects, especially hematological abnormalities. We report here a case of severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) complicated by symptomatic myocardial ischemia in a patient with chronic hepatitis C(More)
Despite recent treatment advances, the majority of patients with chronic hepatitis C fail to respond to antiviral therapy. Although the genetic basis for this resistance is unknown, accumulated evidence suggests that changes in the heterogeneous viral population (quasispecies) may be an important determinant of viral persistence and response to therapy.(More)
Despite recent advances in the treatment of chronic viral hepatitis, therapy of chronic hepatitis D is not yet satisfactory. The only option currently available is interferon-alpha (IFN), whose efficacy is related to the dose and duration of treatment. However, the rate of sustained hepatitis D virus (HDV) clearance after a 1-year course with high doses of(More)
BACKGROUND Mood and anxiety symptoms in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) may be related to the patient awareness of the diagnosis and prognosis, to side effects induced by interferon (IFN)-alpha treatment, as well as to substance abuse. However, the observation of metabolic alterations in patients with CHC has led to hypothesize a direct effect of hepatitis C(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer cells are involved in the complex mechanisms underlying autoimmune diseases but few studies have investigated their role in autoimmune hepatitis. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors are key regulators of natural killer cell-mediated immune responses. METHODS AND FINDINGS KIR gene frequencies, KIR haplotypes, KIR ligands and(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive syndromes, including recurrent brief depression (RBD), have frequently been observed in association with chronic diseases characterized by immune activation, such as autoimmune thyroiditis or celiac disease. However, the association of RBD with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), a disease with an increased incidence of major depressive(More)
Anal fissure (AF) is a common cause of anal pain with a tendency not to heal spontaneously because of ischemia of the anoderm caused by sphincter spasm. Lateral internal sphincterotomy, while very effective, can cause fecal incontinence and chemical sphincterotomy by application of cream may have discouraging side effects and/or low efficacy. The aim of(More)
Telediastolic pressure and volume can readily be employed as expressions of sarcomere length when constructing ventricular performance curves for the normal heart. In pathological hearts, however, these parameters are rendered inadequate as a result of altered compliance, which means that diastolic lengthening of the muscle fibre cell must be determined(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the prevalence of bright liver echo pattern (BLP) on ultrasonography and its correlation with liver steatosis (LS), and fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The usefulness of detecting skip areas for steatosis diagnosis has also been evaluated. METHODS The study included 88 patients with chronic hepatitis C (55 men, 33 women,(More)