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During quiet wakefulness of 63 adult Wistar rats, 24 exhibited synchronous paroxysmal bursts consisting of spikes and spike and wave discharges, recorded in the amygdala and frontoparietal cortex. Discharges were associated with a sudden immobility of the rat and rhythmic twitches of vibrissae or cervicofacial musculature. As soon as the phenomena stopped,(More)
In an inbred strain of Wistar rats, spontaneous spike and wave discharges (8 to 10 c/s) appeared regularly on the EEG during quiet wakefulness and were accompanied by an arrest of behavioral activity associated with vibrissal and facial myoclonia. These seizures were recorded over the entire neocortex, but predominantly in the frontoparietal cortex.(More)
Of 100 randomly chosen, adult male Wistar rats in the breeding colony at the Centre de Neurochimie , Strasbourg, 31 presented spontaneous, nonconvulsive epileptic seizures: wave-and-spike discharges, 7-11 cycles/s, 200-600 microV, accompanied by behavioral arrest and myoclony of the vibrissae and of the facial and cervical muscles. Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)(More)
The relationship between states of vigilance and spike and wave discharges (SWD) was examined during 12 hours in 4 Wistar rats from a strain bred for spontaneous generalized non-convulsant seizures. On the basis of cortical and hippocampal EEG and EMG activity, wakefulness (W), slow wave sleep (SWS) and paradoxical sleep (REM) were distinguished. Of the SWD(More)
Wistar rats spontaneously presenting electroclinical signs of petit mal-like epileptic seizures were inbred until all offspring were affected, and the ontogeny of this inherited phenotype was studied in the offspring from 30-60 days of age to 18 months. The first EEG spike and wave discharges appeared at 40-120 days. Their number and duration increased(More)
Wistar rats of a strain displaying spontaneous petit mal-like seizures and spike-wave EEG discharged (SWD) were injected i.p. with drugs affecting noradrenergic neurotransmission. The EEG and behavior were recorded. Drugs which decrease alpha-noradrenergic neurotransmission, prazosin (alpha 1-antagonist) and clonidine (alpha 2-agonist), increased SWD and(More)
Wistar rats of a strain inbred for spontaneous generalized non-convulsive seizures present EEG spike-wave discharges (SWDs), 7-10 c/sec, occurring about once/min and lasting about 15 sec. They are bilateral and synchronous and can be recorded over the entire neocortex and in the lateral thalamic nuclei. After corpus callosum section, only a few bilateral(More)
One-third of the Wistar rats bred in the Centre of Neurochemistry in Strasbourg, France, develop spontaneous epileptic seizures which from their clinical manifestations, pharmacological responses, and electroencephalographic findings are suggestive of Petit Mal absences. These fits are genetically determined since in two lines selected from affected animals(More)
Certain Wistar rats from our laboratory colony present genetically determined seizures similar to human petit-mal absences. Muscimol, THIP and L-baclofen, agonists of GABA receptors, and gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG), an inhibitor of GABA degradation, enhanced the duration of spontaneous petit-mal-like seizures in a dose-dependent fashion. These findings raise(More)
Intranigral injections of GABA agonists suppress spontaneous and chemically induced generalized non-convulsive seizures in the rat. In order to examine whether the GABAergic nigrotectal pathway could be involved in this suppression, bilateral injections of GABA antagonists were performed in the superior colliculus of rats with spontaneous generalized(More)