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The functions of N-acylethanolamines, minor constituents of mammalian cells, are poorly understood. It was suggested that NAEs might have some pharmacological actions and might serve as a cytoprotective response, whether mediated by physical interactions with membranes or enzymes or mediated by activation of cannabinoid receptors. Albumins are identified as(More)
The effects of treatment with the synthetic insecticide cypermethrin on plasma membrane fluidity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in rat erythrocytes were investigated. Rats were treated by gavage with a low dose (12.5 mg/kg body weight per day) of cypermethrin in corn oil for 60 days. DPH and TMA-DPH fluorescence anisotropy experiments show that(More)
In order to gain more knowledge on the stress responses of gilhead seabream (Sparus aurata) under extreme conditions, this study investigated the functional properties of the hemoglobin system and globin gene expression under hypoxia and low salinity. The oxygen affinity for the two hemoglobin components present inside the S. aurata erythrocyte was(More)
This study was undertaken in order to test the models of ATP and GTP binding to carp deoxyhaemoglobin proposed by Perutz & Brunori (1982) and to find out why GTP is a more potent allosteric effector than ATP. We have determined the conformations of both nucleoside triphosphates by nuclear magnetic resonance studies and found them to be the same. The purines(More)
The cyanide ion is a ligand of ferrous as well as ferric haemoproteins and this study presents a kinetic characterization of the dissociation of its complexes with the two main haemoglobin components from trout blood. Both these haemoglobins bind oxygen co-operatively at neutral or alkaline pH values but one of them is insensitive to pH and allosteric(More)
Alcoholic patients and experimental animals exposed to ethanol display biochemical signs of oxidative damage, suggesting a possible role of free radicals in causing some of the toxic effects of alcohol. The ester derivative, ethyl pyruvate (EP) is stable in solution and should function as an antioxidant and energy precursor. In the present study, the effect(More)
Aluminum belongs to a group of potential toxic elements capable of penetrating the human body. In this paper, the effect of aluminum concentrations on red blood cell membranes using different fluorescent probes able to localize in various parts of the phospholipid bilayer (TMA-DPH, laurdan and pyrene) were studied. Our results confirm that human(More)
In order to gain more knowledge about the antioxidant role of the predominant carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) of the human retina, this study investigated their antioxidant activity and capacity. Astaxanthin was also studied, because its structure is very close to that of lutein and zeaxanthin. The antioxidant activity of these molecules was evaluated(More)
Chronic ethanol intake affects various organ systems of the body. The present study evaluated modifications of fatty acid concentrations both in brain and striated skeletal muscles of rats genetically selected for voluntary high ethanol intake. Three groups of rats were tracked for 10 weeks of access to ethanol only as fluid (group 1) to free choice of(More)
Previous literature reports have demonstrated that nucleated trout erythrocytes in conditions of oxidative stress are subjected to DNA and membrane damage, and inactivation of glutathione peroxidase. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of three diaryl tellurides and the organoselenium compound ebselen to protect trout (Salmo irideus)(More)