Giancarlo Falcioni

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The functions of N-acylethanolamines, minor constituents of mammalian cells, are poorly understood. It was suggested that NAEs might have some pharmacological actions and might serve as a cytoprotective response, whether mediated by physical interactions with membranes or enzymes or mediated by activation of cannabinoid receptors. Albumins are identified as(More)
Pyrethroids are divided into two groups according to their chemical structures: type I pyrethroids are devoid of a cyano moiety at the alpha-position (i.e. permethrin, PERM), while type II pyrethroids have an alpha-cyano moiety (i.e. cypermethrin, CY). Type I pyrethroids cause a type I poisoning syndrome or "T syndrome", whereas type II pyrethroids induce a(More)
The effects of treatment with the synthetic insecticide cypermethrin on plasma membrane fluidity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in rat erythrocytes were investigated. Rats were treated by gavage with a low dose (12.5 mg/kg body weight per day) of cypermethrin in corn oil for 60 days. DPH and TMA-DPH fluorescence anisotropy experiments show that(More)
Chronic ethanol intake affects various organ systems of the body. The present study evaluated modifications of fatty acid concentrations both in brain and striated skeletal muscles of rats genetically selected for voluntary high ethanol intake. Three groups of rats were tracked for 10 weeks of access to ethanol only as fluid (group 1) to free choice of(More)
Pesticides have been considered potential chemical mutagens. In fact, some studies show that various agrochemical ingredients possess mutagenic properties inducing mutations, chromosomal alterations or DNA damage. Experimental evidence shows a marked correlation between mutagenicity and carcinogenicity and indicates that short-term mutagenicity tests are(More)
Bivalve molluscs, particularly mussels, are sensitive biomarkers of aquatic ecosystem pollution. The tannins, water-soluble plant polyphenols, may play an important role in this environment and, mainly as a consequence of interaction with pollutants, their toxicity may change. We studied three naturally occurring compounds, tannic acid, ellagic acid and(More)
In order to gain more knowledge on the stress responses of gilhead seabream (Sparus aurata) under extreme conditions, this study investigated the functional properties of the hemoglobin system and globin gene expression under hypoxia and low salinity. The oxygen affinity for the two hemoglobin components present inside the S. aurata erythrocyte was(More)
Heavy metal pollution in rivers and its impact on aquatic ecosystems is a dynamic process. Fish are ideal indicators of heavy metal contamination in aquatic systems because they occupy different trophic levels and are of different sizes and ages. In particular, copper is an essential trace metal for living organisms and it is present in all natural waters(More)
Exercise induces extensive generation of reactive oxygen species, which are responsible for tissue damage: enzymes inactivation, lipid peroxidation and single strand breaks in DNA. Defense system against free radicals is consisting of enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and numerous non-enzymatic antioxidants. The study(More)
The antioxidant activity of hemoglobin was examined by studying both its peroxidase activity and its interaction with the superoxide anion. The peroxidase activity of both the subunits (alpha and beta) was reduced with respect to the alpha 2 beta 2 tetramer and heme-oxidation was found to be associated with a decrease in this activity. Lucigenin-amplified(More)