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In the present work we studied, by chemiluminescence measurements, the influence of lead on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in haemolysates obtained from human erythrocytes incubated in the presence of different concentrations of lead acetate. Moreover, we evaluated the modification of proteins and lipids in human erythrocyte and lymphocyte(More)
In order to gain more knowledge on the stress responses of gilhead seabream (Sparus aurata) under extreme conditions, this study investigated the functional properties of the hemoglobin system and globin gene expression under hypoxia and low salinity. The oxygen affinity for the two hemoglobin components present inside the S. aurata erythrocyte was(More)
The effects of treatment with the synthetic insecticide cypermethrin on plasma membrane fluidity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in rat erythrocytes were investigated. Rats were treated by gavage with a low dose (12.5 mg/kg body weight per day) of cypermethrin in corn oil for 60 days. DPH and TMA-DPH fluorescence anisotropy experiments show that(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of the predominant carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) of the macular pigment of the human retina, to protect SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells against DNA damage induced by different RNOS donors. Although astaxanthin has never been isolated from the human eye, it was included in this study because its(More)
Aluminum belongs to a group of potential toxic elements capable of penetrating the human body. In this paper, the effect of aluminum concentrations on red blood cell membranes using different fluorescent probes able to localize in various parts of the phospholipid bilayer (TMA-DPH, laurdan and pyrene) were studied. Our results confirm that human(More)
Bivalve molluscs, particularly mussels, are sensitive biomarkers of aquatic ecosystem pollution. The tannins, water-soluble plant polyphenols, may play an important role in this environment and, mainly as a consequence of interaction with pollutants, their toxicity may change. We studied three naturally occurring compounds, tannic acid, ellagic acid and(More)
In order to gain more knowledge about the antioxidant role of the predominant carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) of the human retina, this study investigated their antioxidant activity and capacity. Astaxanthin was also studied, because its structure is very close to that of lutein and zeaxanthin. The antioxidant activity of these molecules was evaluated(More)
Density separated trout erythrocytes, using a discontinuous Percoll gradient, yielded three distinct subfractions (top, middle and bottom) since older cells are characterized by increasing density. Cells from each subfraction were incubated with mitochondria-specific fluorescent probe Mitotracker and JC-1 in order to assess mitochondrial mass and membrane(More)
Alcoholic patients and experimental animals exposed to ethanol display biochemical signs of oxidative damage, suggesting a possible role of free radicals in causing some of the toxic effects of alcohol. The ester derivative, ethyl pyruvate (EP) is stable in solution and should function as an antioxidant and energy precursor. In the present study, the effect(More)
This work reports on studies concerning with the interaction of important environmental contaminants, such as organotins, with model and biological systems. Organometallic compounds are synthesized and used for applications in industry and agriculture. Moreover, some organometallics can be directly formed in the environment by the action of microbial agents(More)