OBJECTIVES Brain malignant neoplasms are still characterized by poor prognosis due to their peculiar hallmarks that severely limit aggressive multimodal therapeutic approaches. The optimization of the intratumoral drug delivery, directed to achieve effective concentrations and to reduce systemic undesired toxicity, is one of the primary goals of the brain… (More)
Bisphosphonates are analogues of inorganic pyrophosphate and are inhibitors of bone resorption. Many derivatives have been developed for the treatment of enhanced bone resorption; several reports reveal that treatment with bisphosphonates is able to reduce the pain associated with different painful diseases. This study tested the antinociceptive action of… (More)
Several studies have shown that treatment with bisphosphonates can reduce the pain associated with different painful diseases. In a previous study we demonstrated that in mice two bisphosponates, clodronate and pamidronate, had an antinociceptive effect under acute conditions not related to bone processes, after in vein (iv) or intracerebroventricular (icv)… (More)
The chapter examined solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and microemulsions, chosen as carriers of drugs, administered in vivo to be transported to the central nervous system. Drugs of different structures and for different therapies have been studied such as doxorubicin SLN stealth and nonstealth administered in rats by intravenous route, apomorphine SLN… (More)
Nanotechnology involves the engineering of functional systems at nanoscale, thus being attractive for disciplines ranging from materials science to biomedicine. One of the most active research areas of the nanotechnology is nanomedicine, which applies nanotechnology to highly specific medical interventions for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of… (More)
Cholesterylbutyrate (Chol-but) was chosen as a prodrug of butyric acid. Butyrate is not often used in vivo because its half-life is very short and therefore too large amounts of the drug would be necessary for its efficacy. In the last few years butyric acid's anti-inflammatory properties and its inhibitory activity towards histone deacetylases have been… (More)
Malignant gliomas, despite aggressive multimodal therapies and adequate supportive care, still maintain poor prognosis. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) are colloidal carriers that could be regarded as a highly flexible platform for brain tumor imaging and therapeutical purposes. In this chapter we will first describe brain tumors characteristics and… (More)
The study of the human LES was performed with manometrical methods for atropine action on gastrine tachyphylaxis. Our study points out that there is a complex self regulating neuronal circuit in the LES contraction. We discuss some hypothesis for the LES control. In particular ACh could activate an inhibitory adrenergic muscarinic receptor.