Gian Paolo Pessina

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The NO donor 3-Morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) releases NO in the presence of molecular oxygen. In this study, we evaluated the effect of SIN-1 on mitochondria of rat cortical synaptosomes. We demonstrated in vitro that the amount of ONOO(-) generated and H(2)O(2) formation directly correlated with SIN-1 concentration. The mean oxygen consumption by(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of cell growth regulation by nitric oxide (NO) and the role played in it by Ca2+, we studied the relationship among intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), mitogen-activated protein kinases [extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)] and proliferation in cell lines exposed to different levels of NO. Data showed that(More)
Nerve cells are very responsive to weak pulsed electromagnetic fields (EMFs). Such non-ionizing radiation, with frequencies of 0-300 Hz and 0.1-100 mT, can affect several cellular activities, with unusual dose-response characteristics. The present study examined the effect of a 2-h exposure of synaptosomes on a system generating a peak magnetic field of 2(More)
Some biological parameters before and after an acute episode of cigarette smoking in rats have been evaluated. The carboxyhaemoglobin levels depended either on the number of cigarettes, or on the time of exposure to cigarette smoke and returned to pre-smoking values in about 2 h. The evaluation of the kinetics of alveolar and peritoneal macrophages in rats(More)
Some biological effects of chronic cigarette smoking (two cigarettes for 2 h, daily for 4 months) in rats were evaluated. During the smoking period, body weight of smoker rats was always significantly lower than that of control rats. Immediately after the last smoking session the carboxyhaemoglobin concentration in the blood was about 8.5% and the(More)
The relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and intracellular Ca2+ in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage is not known in detail. Here we used rat striatal slices perfused under low-oxygen and Ca2+-free conditions and cultured human astrocytoma cells incubated under similar conditions as models to study the dynamics of intracellular NO and Ca2+ in hypoxia-induced(More)
Nervous system cells are highly dependent on adequate tissue oxygenation and are very susceptible to hypoxia, which causes mitochondrial dysfunctions involved in apoptosis and necrosis. In this paper, we examine the effect of a 12-h incubation of differentiated IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells in a hypoxic environment (73% N(2): 2% O(2): 5% CO(2), v:v) by(More)
The present study examined the effect on rat cortical synaptosomes of a 2 h exposure to 50-Hz electromagnetic fields (EMFs) with a peak magnetic field of 2 mT. We measured modifications of synaptosomal mitochondrial respiration rate, ATP production, membrane potential, intrasynaptosomal Ca(2+) concentration and free iron release. The O(2) consumption(More)
Brain ischemia results in neuronal injury and neurological disability. The present study examined the effect of mild (6% O2) and severe (2% O2) hypoxia on mitochondria of rat cortical synaptosomes. During mild and severe hypoxia, JO2 and ATP production significantly decreased and mitochondrial membranes depolarized. Synaptosomal calcium concentration(More)
Nerve cells are very susceptible to hypoxia responsive for mitochondrial dysfunctions involved in the subsequent oxidative stress, apoptosis and necrosis. In this paper, we examined the effect of 12 h incubation of U-373 MG astrocytes in hypoxic environment (73% N(2): 2% O(2): 5% CO(2), v:v) by evaluating cell proliferation, modifications of NO and ATP(More)