Gian Mario Cosseddu

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infection of specific-pathogen-free pigs by a genotype 4 strain of human hepatitis E virus. To the Editor: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease of sheep and goats caused by peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Morbilli-virus. Illness and death can be high (>90%) when PPR occurs in(More)
In order to investigate the potential of voles to reproduce in vitro the efficiency of prion replication previously observed in vivo, we seeded protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) reactions with either rodent-adapted Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) strains or natural TSE isolates. Vole brain homogenates were shown to be a powerful(More)
Although susceptibility to scrapie is largely controlled by the PRNP gene, we have searched for additional genomic regions that affect scrapie incubation time in sheep, using two half-sib families with a susceptible PRNP genotype and naturally infected by scrapie. Quantitative trait loci were detected on OAR6 and OAR18.
This study aimed at identifying genes that could mark scrapie infection in the central nervous system of sheep. We used the subtractive suppressive hybridization (SSH) technique on brain samples from sheep healthy or clinically affected by scrapie. Following subtraction, several discrete differential bands appeared between the two reciprocally subtracted(More)
During May-July 2010 in Namibia, outbreaks of Rift Valley fever were reported to the National Veterinary Service. Analysis of animal specimens confirmed virus circulation on 7 farms. Molecular characterization showed that all outbreaks were caused by a strain of Rift Valley fever virus closely related to virus strains responsible for outbreaks in South(More)
The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterised by the accumulation of a pathological form of a host protein known as prion protein (PrP). The validation of abnormal PrP detection techniques is fundamental to allow the use of high-throughput laboratory based tests,(More)
The ability of PrP Sc to convert PrP C into protease-resistance isoforms has been exploited using a variety of techniques such as protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA), quaking induced conversion (QuIC) and most recently, real-time quaking induced conversion (RT-QuIC). 1 These cell-free assays have enabled a better understanding of prion diseases(More)
Following its first identification in Germany in 2011, the Schmallenberg virus (SBV) has rapidly spread to many other European countries. Despite the wide dissemination, the molecular characterization of the circulating strains is limited to German, Belgian, Dutch, and Swiss viruses. To fill this gap, partial genetic characterization of 15 Italian field(More)
It is widely known that prion strains can mutate in response to modification of the replication environment and we have recently reported that prion mutations can occur in vitro during amplification of vole-adapted prions by Protein Misfolding Cyclic Amplification on bank vole substrate (bvPMCA). Here we exploited the high efficiency of prion replication by(More)