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1. The activities of the ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD), epoxide hydrolase (EH), UDP-glucuronyl transferase (GT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), acetyl transferase (AT) and sulphotransferase (ST) were measured in 6 liver, 8 lung, 8 kidney, 8 intestinal mucosa and 22 urinary bladder mucosa specimens from human subjects. EH and GT were studied with(More)
Phenol and catechol sulphotransferases were studied with p-nitrophenol and dopamine as substrates in the mucosa of the ileum and colon obtained from 6 subjects and also in the liver from 6 subjects. The ileum and colon were from the same donor. The kinetics of phenol and catechol sulphotransferases were studied in each tissue specimen. The maximum velocity(More)
1. Histamine N-methyl transferase activity was measured in samples of human liver, brain, kidney, lung and intestinal mucosa. The mean (+/- s.d.) rate (nmol min-1 mg-1 protein) of histamine N-methylation was 1.78 +/- 0.59 (liver, n = 60), 1.15 +/- 0.38 (renal cortex, n = 8), 0.79 +/- 0.14 (renal medulla, n = 8), 0.35 +/- 0.08 (lung, n = 20), 0.47 +/- 0.18(More)
Acetyltransferase with p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) as substrate was investigated in the cytosolic fraction of the placenta, liver, adrenals, lungs, kidneys, intestine from human fetuses and the liver, lungs, kidneys and intestinal mucosa from adult subjects. All tissue specimens assayed catalyzed the acetylation of PABA at a significant rate. The activity(More)
The disposition, distribution and the hepatic first-pass effect of pinazepam and its metabolite N-desmethyldiazepam was investigated in rats. Pinazepam (20 mg/kg) was orally administered by stomach intubation. Plasma and tissue concentrations of the parent compound and metabolite were measured by GLC analysis. Pinazepam was rapidly absorbed (ka = 2.77 hr-1)(More)
The distribution patterns of two forms of sulphotransferase were studied in human adult and fetal tissues. One form was studied with p-nitrophenol as substrate and it is referred to as 'TS'. The other form was studied with dopamine as substrate and it is referred to as 'TL'. The activities of TS (pmol X min-1 X mg-1; mean +/- SD) were 1,077 +/- 293 (adult(More)
The concentrations of total proteins, albumin, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) were measured in the serum of 21 newborn infants and 13 children, aged 1-13 months, and in the plasma of 31 volunteers, 25 patients with renal failure, 27 patients with cirrhosis, 39 uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis, and 20 elderly(More)
1. Curcumin has anti-carcinogen effects and is under clinical evaluation as a potential colon cancer chemopreventive agent. The first aim was to see whether curcumin inhibited phenol sulfotransferase (SULT1A1) and, if so, to study the variability of the IC(50) of curcumin for SULT1A1 in 50 human liver samples. For comparative purposes, the inhibition of(More)
1. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound present in grapes and wine, has beneficial effects against cancer and protective effects on the cardiovascular system. It is present in the diet, and the hepatic and duodenal sulphation might limit the bioavailability of this compound. The aim was to study the sulphation of resveratrol in the human liver and duodenum.(More)
The variability among subjects of the hepatic activities of O-sulphotransferase towards dopamine, p-nitrophenol, testosterone and ethinyloestradiol and of N-sulphotransferase with 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) as substrate is described. The rates of testosterone and TIQ sulphation were higher in men than women whereas those of ethinyloestradiol,(More)