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Lysine is the most limiting essential amino acid in cereals, and for many years plant breeders have attempted to increase its concentration to improve the nutritional quality of these grains. The opaque2 mutation in maize doubles the lysine content in the endosperm, but the mechanism by which this occurs is unknown. We show that elongation factor 1 alpha(More)
The protein synthesis elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) is a multifunctional protein in eukaryotic cells. In maize (Zea mays L.) endosperm eEF1A co-localizes with actin around protein bodies, and its accumulation is highly correlated with the protein-bound lysine (Lys) content. We purified eEF1A from maize kernels by ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange,(More)
This study was designed to determine the modulatory effect of estrogen on mechanical stimulation in bone. Trabecular and cortical bone compartments of ovariectomized rats exposed to whole-body vibration of different amplitudes were evaluated by peripheral quantitative computed tomographic (pQCT) analysis and histomorphometry and compared to controls not(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential role of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) investigation in assessing the osteopenia of prematurity. DESIGN QUS parameters measured at the time of discharge were related to the anthropometric characteristics and age (postnatal and gestational) of 51 (34 female and 17 male) preterm infants fed fortified human milk. METHODS(More)
Osteoarthritis is linked to a reduced risk of femoral fracture despite osteoporosis. Different bone distribution in the femoral neck in osteoarthritis and fracture was revealed using a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) comparative analysis. Our findings sustain the presence of an adaptive mechanism of bone structure providing fracture(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the sensitivity of hydroxylysylpyridinoline (HP), lysylpyridinoline (LP), galactosylhydroxylysine (GHyl) and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine (GGHyl) to monitor bone response to estrogen deficiency and replacement by comparing their excretory patterns in ovariectomized aged (11-14 months old) rats. The ovariectomized (OVX)(More)
The age-related decline in growth hormone (GH) secretion has been implicated in the pathogenesis of involutional bone loss. Whether restoration of GH secretion might be helpful in maintaining and/or improving bone mass during aging is still unsettled. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 30-day treatment with hexarelin (HEXA, 50(More)
A new mathematical model for the study of bone turnover in growing rats was developed. The model predicts a linear relationship between bone mineral content (BMC) and biochemical markers (BMK) of bone turnover assuming that rats are growing, bone turnover is profoundly affected by skeletal maturation, and resorption and formation are physiologically(More)
We developed an automatic method for regional analysis of femoral neck images acquired by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), based on automatic spatial re-alignment and segmentation; the segmentation method, based on a morphological approach, explicitly accounts for the presence of three different bone compartments: cortical region,(More)
Peripheral Quantitative Computerized Tomography (pQCT) allows the acquisition of bone specimens with a spatial resolution adequate to visualize the 3D structure of the bone cortex and the trabecular network. At present, pQCT scanners are equipped with image processing software that limits the bone analysis in two dimensions and requires strong user(More)