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A large number of trials show that the anti-immunoglobulin (Ig) E antibody omalizumab is very effective in patients with severe allergic asthma. This is acknowledged in consensus documents. The drug also has a good safety profile and a pharmacoeconomic advantage due to a reduction in the number of hospitalizations for asthma attacks. In recent years, some(More)
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) was introduced as an alternative to invasive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure caused from exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the 1980s, and its use gradually rose worldwide. Seventy-eight patients (57 males, mean age 78.3 ± 9.2 years) undergoing NIV were evaluated. Of them, 48 (62.3%)(More)
The anti-IgE antibody omalizumab is currently indicated in severe asthma not controlled by standard drug therapy. Recently, new indications for omalizumab were suggested, which include atopic dermatitis (AD), a skin disorder characterized by elevated levels of IgE. We report the case of a 39-year old woman with severe asthma and severe AD, both resistant to(More)
This study evaluated the risk factors for developing allergic reactions to alternative drugs such as acetaminophen and nimesulide in 367 patients intolerant of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) compared to 243 healthy controls. All subjects were given test doses (TD) of acetaminophen and nimesulide, and age, sex, atopy, and history of reactions(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QOL) is an important issue in allergic rhinitis and has been evaluated in a number of studies that have shown how it is impaired in untreated patients and improved by effective treatment. However, there are no data concerning QOL after sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in polysensitized patients. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect,(More)
Inspiratory nasal resistance, symptom score, and influx of inflammatory cells into the nose were evaluated before and after a nasal challenge in 15 patients with grass pollen rhinitis and in six nonallergic control subjects, to study the nasal late-phase reaction and its relationship with nasal cytology. All patients had an immediate positive reaction to(More)
Bronchodilators are central drugs in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Indacaterol was the first agent of the novel family of very long-acting β2-agonists to be used as an inhaled bronchodilator for COPD and provides 24-hour therapeutic action, thus allowing once-daily administration. Data from clinical trials(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes an impairment of respiratory function, well reflected by the progressive decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). The only interventions able to slow down the FEV1 decline are smoking cessation and drug treatment. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), is claimed to improve exercise(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is an effective tool in treating patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), since it reduces both the need for endotracheal intubation and the mortality in comparison with nonventilated patients. A particular issue is represented by the outcome of NIMV in patients referred to the emergency department(More)