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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of and independent factors associated with joint involvement in a large population of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS This study was cross-sectional, based on data collected on patients included in the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) registry. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to elucidate the pathophysiology of systemic sclerosis-related osteoporosis and the prevalence of vertebral fragility fracture in postmenopausal women with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODOLOGY Fifty-four postmenopausal women with scleroderma and 54 postmenopausal controls matched for age, BMI, and smoking habits were(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and asthma has been widely studied in the last years. GER may interfere with airway reactivity and aggravate or even induce asthma. OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in patients with GER disease with a view to judging the potential influence of GER on(More)
OBJECTIVE Broad antiinflammatory effects following adenosine A(₂A) receptor stimulation have been demonstrated in acute inflammatory diseases, including arthritis. Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) activates the adenosine A(₂A) receptor. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of PDRN in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing multisystem inflammatory disorder with mucocutaneous, ocular, articular, vascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous system manifestations. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is believed to play a pivotal role in BD. Therapeutic blockade of the activity of TNF has been successfully given in a short(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to provide a description of real life treatment patterns of biologic anti-TNF in 23 Italian Rheumatology centers. METHODS This was an observational, multicenter, retrospective study. Patients >18 years of age, diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and treated with the first biologic anti-TNF agent between the 1st July 2002 to the(More)
In type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (IDDM) CD8+ T cells represent the majority of lymphocytes which infiltrate the pancreatic islets during beta cell destruction. Soluble CD8 antigen (sCD8) has been shown to correlate with CD8 cell subset activation. In this study we measured by ELISA sCD8 levels in sera from: 33 newly diagnosed IDDM patients;(More)
Osteoporosis is a widespread disease, affecting about 75 million people, mostly postmenopausal women. It is called ''the silent disease'', since there are very few associated symptoms: anyway osteoporotic fractures are the chief clinical feature, with an enormous burden on health related quality of life and mortality. The aim of this study was to review the(More)
Vascular involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of fibrosis. We assessed arterial stiffness using a new echo-tracking technique in patients with SSc asymptomatic for cardiovascular diseases. We enrolled 22 patients (21 female, 63 ± 14 years) and 20 controls (12 female, 62 ± 3 years). Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)(More)
Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can lead to osteoarticular involvement, usually in the late stages. The pathogenesis of these symptoms has usually been attributed to viral load or to dysregulated cytokine production. We evaluated the presence of rheumatic symptoms and levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha viral load and CD4 count in(More)