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Despite its extensive use in physiological and clinical research, the analysis of HRV (heart rate variability) is still poorly supported by rigorous reliability studies. The main aim of the present study was to perform an in-depth assessment of absolute and relative reliability of standard indexes of HRV from short-term laboratory recordings. In 39 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The predictive value of heart rate variability (HRV) in chronic heart failure (CHF) has never been tested in a comprehensive multivariate model using short-term laboratory recordings designed to avoid the confounding effects of respiration and behavioral factors. METHODS AND RESULTS A multivariate survival model for the identification of sudden(More)
In cardiovascular variability analysis, the significance of the coupling between two time series is commonly assessed by setting a threshold level in the coherence function. While traditionally used statistical tests consider only the parameters of the adopted estimator, the required zero-coherence level may be affected by some features of the observed(More)
Neglect phenomena may occur in both extrapersonal and personal space. Whereas extrapersonal neglect has been found associated with both right- and left-sided brain lesions, no case of right personal neglect following a left-sided lesion has been so far reported. We describe a right-handed female patient who, after two left-hemisphere strokes, exhibited a(More)
The autonomic regulation is non-invasively estimated from heart rate variability (HRV). Many methods utilized to assess autonomic regulation require stationarity of HRV recordings. However, non-stationarities are frequently present even during well-controlled experiments, thus potentially biasing HRV indices. The aim of our study is to quantify the(More)
This study was designed to demonstrate the need of accounting for respiration (R) when causality between heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) is under scrutiny. Simulations generated according to a bivariate autoregressive closed-loop model were utilized to assess how causality changes as a function of the model parameters. An exogenous(More)
We propose an approach based on time reversibility analysis to characterize the cardiovascular regulation and its nonlinearities as derived from 24 hours Holter recordings of heart period variability in a healthy population (n=12, age: median=43 years, range=34-55 years) and in a pathological group of age-matched chronic heart failure (CHF) patients (n=13,(More)
Computer simulations were carried out to appraise three new criteria for the estimation of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) using the transfer function method. The major goal was to identify a computation procedure able to overcome the intrinsic limitations of the classical coherence criterion. Four representative shapes of the gain function and three different(More)
MOTIVATIONS Physiological systems are ruled by mechanisms operating across multiple temporal scales. A recently proposed approach, multiscale entropy analysis, measures the complexity at different time scales and has been successfully applied to long term electrocardiographic recordings. The purpose of this work is to show the applicability of this(More)
BACKGROUND Fat-free mass (FFM) depletion marks the imbalance between tissue protein synthesis and breakdown in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To date, the role of essential amino acid supplementation (EAAs) in FFM repletion has not been fully acknowledged. A pilot study was undertaken in patients attending pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS(More)