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In oral implantology, a 3-6 month stress-free healing period is presently accepted as a prerequisite to achieve bone apposition without interposition of a fibrous scar tissue. This protocol was introduced by Brånemark and co-workers in 1977. The aim of the present paper is to review the reasons that led Brånemark and collaborators to require long delayed(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is composed of a family of multifunctional polypeptide growth factors involved in embryogenesis, inflammation, regulation of immune response, angiogenesis, wound healing, and extracellular matrix formation. TGF-beta1 is the most common isoform found in human tissues. A role of TGF-beta in the(More)
Many materials are used for sinus augmentation procedures. Anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss) has been reported to be osteoconductive, and no inflammatory responses have been observed with the use of this biomaterial. One of the main questions pertaining to Bio-Oss concerns its biodegradation and substitution by host bone. Some investigators have observed(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the mechanisms of bacterial interaction with implant materials in the oral cavity. A correlation between plaque accumulation and progressive bone loss around implants has been reported. Bacterial adhesion shows a direct positive correlation with surface roughness. Other surface characteristics also seem to be extremely(More)
BACKGROUND Crestal bone loss has been shown to occur around dental implants. This crestal bone resorption may determine a more apical position of the gingival margin. A clear trend of increased bone loss with increased interimplant distance has been reported. PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in the canine mandible, the crestal bone(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze dentists' perceptions, attitudes, knowledge and experience about child abuse and neglect (CAN) in an area of northeast Italy and the factors affecting the recognition and reporting of CAN cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS One hundred six dentists working in both public and private sectors in the provinces of Padua(More)
A new entity called "implant periapical lesion" has recently been described. This lesion could be the result of, for example, bone overheating, implant overloading, presence of a preexisting infection or residual root fragments and foreign bodies in the bone, contamination of the implant, or implant placement in an infected maxillary sinus. This case report(More)
The authors present a histologic analysis of 19 Branemark titanium implants retrieved for different causes: four implants were removed for abutment fracture, one for dental nerve dysesthesia, two for bone overheating, two for peri-implantitis, nine for mobility, one for unknown causes. In the implants removed for fracture a high bone-implant contact(More)
AIM To investigate dental caries experience among preschool children aged 3-5 years living in 2 Health Districts in North- Eastern Italy and to compare caries experience between indigenous and immigrant children. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional observational survey. METHODS AND STATISTICS: In this study 4,198, 3-5-year-old children, drawn from a total(More)
An animal study was conducted with unloaded blocks and hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated titanium implants. Four HA blocks were positioned in rabbit tibiae and four HA-coated titanium implants were positioned in pig tibiae. Implants were positioned so that half was placed in cortical bone and half in medullary space. Biopsy specimens were taken 4 months after(More)