Giampiero Ravagnan

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The sensitivity of Laurdan (6-dodecanoyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene) excitation and emission spectra to the physical state of the membrane arises from dipolar relaxation processes in the membrane region surrounding the Laurdan molecule. Experiments performed using phospholipid vesicles composed of phospholipids with different polar head groups show that(More)
Coexisting gel and liquid-crystalline phospholipid phase domains can be observed in synthetic phospholipid vesicles during the transition from one phase to the other and, in vesicles of mixed phospholipids, at intermediate temperatures between the transitions of the different phospholipids. The presence of cholesterol perturbs the dynamic properties of both(More)
Fluorescence properties of 6-lauroyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene (Laurdan) are used to explore gel and liquid-crystalline phase domains coexistence in membranes of various cell types and in erythrocyte ghosts. Experiments and simulations were performed using liposomes composed of equimolar gel and liquid-crystalline phases in the absence and in the presence(More)
Steady-state and dynamic fluorescence properties of 6-lauroyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene (Laurdan) have been used to ascertain the coexistence of separate phase domains and their dynamic properties in phospholipid vesicles composed of different mole ratios of dilauroyl- and dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DLPC and DPPC, respectively). The recently(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced, although not exclusively, by T helper 17 recently identified as a distinct T helper lineage mediating tissue inflammation. IL-17 is known to be involved in a number of chronic disorders although the mechanisms regulating its production in inflammatory disease are still unclear. The beneficial(More)
The sensitivity of the fluorescent probe Laurdan to the phase state of lipids has been utilized to detect modifications in the composition and physical state of cell membranes during cell growth. In phospholipid vesicles, the Laurdan emission spectrum shows a 50-nm red shift by passing from the gel to the liquid-crystalline phase. The Generalized(More)
To develop a cell culture system susceptible to infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV), human fetal hepatocytes, grown in serum-free medium, were inoculated with serum samples from two HCV-infected patients. Viral RNA sequences were detected by polymerase chain reaction, using primers specific for the 5' noncoding region of HCV, in extracts prepared from the(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenol found in grapes and grape products such as red wine, has been reported to exhibit a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities both in vitro and in vivo. Because many of the biological activities of resveratrol, like the inhibition of cyclooxygenase, induction of CD95 signaling-dependent(More)
The effect of cholesterol on the gel, the liquid-crystalline, and mixed phospholipid phases has been studied using the fluorescence properties of 2-dimethylamino-6-lauroylnaphthalene (Laurdan). Laurdan sensitivity to the polarity and to the dynamics of its environment reveals that cholesterol affects phospholipid bilayers in the gel phase by expelling water(More)
Human Raji B lymphoid cells after exposure for 64 h to a 1 mT (rms) 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field showed a reorganization of membrane and cytoskeletal components. Atomic force microscopy in air revealed several modifications in 80% of the exposed cells, such as loss of microvilli-like structures followed by progressive appearance of membrane(More)