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The sensitivity of Laurdan (6-dodecanoyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene) excitation and emission spectra to the physical state of the membrane arises from dipolar relaxation processes in the membrane region surrounding the Laurdan molecule. Experiments performed using phospholipid vesicles composed of phospholipids with different polar head groups show that(More)
A number of studies performed in our laboratory and elsewhere, showed that resveratrol is able to prevent carcinogenesis and to impair tumor growth and progression. In order to provide additional information on the pleiotropic effects of resveratrol on malignant cells, the present study was performed to test the in vitro influence of the compound on the(More)
Coexisting gel and liquid-crystalline phospholipid phase domains can be observed in synthetic phospholipid vesicles during the transition from one phase to the other and, in vesicles of mixed phospholipids, at intermediate temperatures between the transitions of the different phospholipids. The presence of cholesterol perturbs the dynamic properties of both(More)
Fluorescence properties of 6-lauroyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene (Laurdan) are used to explore gel and liquid-crystalline phase domains coexistence in membranes of various cell types and in erythrocyte ghosts. Experiments and simulations were performed using liposomes composed of equimolar gel and liquid-crystalline phases in the absence and in the presence(More)
One of the proposed mechanisms for multidrug resistance relies on the ability of resistant tumor cells to efficiently promote glutathione S-transferase (GST)-catalyzed GSH conjugation of the antitumor drug. This type of conjugation, observed in several families of drugs, has never been documented satisfactorily for anthracyclines. Adriamycin-resistant human(More)
The two membrane fluorescent probes 2-dimethyl-amino-6-lauroyl-naphthalene (Laurdan) and 2-dimethylamino-6-propionyl-naphthalene (Prodan) have been used to study the molecular basis of the damage induced in phospholipid membranes by ionizing radiation. Laurdan and Prodan display a spectral sensitivity to the polarity of their environment, showing a red(More)
The sensitivity of the fluorescent probe Laurdan to the phase state of lipids has been utilized to detect modifications in the composition and physical state of cell membranes during cell growth. In phospholipid vesicles, the Laurdan emission spectrum shows a 50-nm red shift by passing from the gel to the liquid-crystalline phase. The Generalized(More)
To develop a cell culture system susceptible to infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV), human fetal hepatocytes, grown in serum-free medium, were inoculated with serum samples from two HCV-infected patients. Viral RNA sequences were detected by polymerase chain reaction, using primers specific for the 5' noncoding region of HCV, in extracts prepared from the(More)
Steady-state and dynamic fluorescence properties of 6-lauroyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene (Laurdan) have been used to ascertain the coexistence of separate phase domains and their dynamic properties in phospholipid vesicles composed of different mole ratios of dilauroyl- and dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DLPC and DPPC, respectively). The recently(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced, although not exclusively, by T helper 17 recently identified as a distinct T helper lineage mediating tissue inflammation. IL-17 is known to be involved in a number of chronic disorders although the mechanisms regulating its production in inflammatory disease are still unclear. The beneficial(More)