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Observers searched for a horizontal line segment through displays containing varying numbers of elements differing from the target and from each other in terms of orientation. These elements were always positioned on imaginary concentric circles centered in the middle of the display. They were allocated to these positions either randomly or in such a way(More)
Observers searched for a Gaussian-windowed patch of sinewave grating (Gabor pattern) through displays containing varying numbers of other such patterns (distractors). When the spatial frequencies of target and distractors differed by +/- 2 octaves and their orientations by +/- 60 degrees, the search proceeded spatially in parallel irrespective of whether(More)
Conditions under which binocular unmasking (BU), as an analogue of binaural unmasking, occurs have been explored. Observers were to detect through a stereoscope a Gabor signal in patches of two-dimensional broadband gaussian noise surrounded by a frame of uniform noise. The right-eye gaussian field was displaced relative to the left eye so that it appeared(More)
We have explored the detection and discrimination of Gabor signals in two different paradigms in order to determine the signals' relative importance for spatial vision. In the first experiment we determined the "detection efficiency" of five such signals presented in isolation, and our results support the conclusion that, for optimal detection, the Gaussian(More)
Observers detected the presence of Gabor signals in fields of two-dimensional broadband Gaussian noise encased by a frame of uniform noise. These images, displayed for 1 sec on a t.v. monitor, were seen through a simple-lens stereoscope. While the left and right eye were presented with the same view of the noise frame, the right-eye Gaussian noise field was(More)
A visual pattern embedded in noise is detected appreciably better when the stimulus complex contains interocular cues (dichoptic condition) than when such cues are absent (binoptic condition). In a recent study (F. Speranza, G. Moraglia, & B. A. Schneider, 1995) the authors showed that the relative difference between binoptic and dichoptic thresholds does(More)
In audition, loudness matches across frequency are affected by the range of stimuli employed at each frequency (e.g., Marks, 1988; Schneider & Parker, 1990). For example, the loudness of a 500-Hz tone that matches the loudness of a 60-dB 2-kHz tone can be changed by as much as 10 to 20 dB by manipulating the range of intensity values to which the listener(More)
This study investigated the effects of age on binocular unmasking. This term denotes the fact that a visual signal embedded in noise is detected appreciably better when the stimulus complex contains interocular cues (dichoptic condition) than when such cues are absent (binoptic condition). Detection thresholds for two Gabor signals differing in spatial(More)