Giampaola Pesce

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BACKGROUND Preoperative chemoradiation is now standard treatment for stages II-III rectal cancer. Capecitabine (CAP) and oxaliplatin (OX) are synergistic with radiotherapy (RT) and active in colorectal neoplasms. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two cycles of CAP 825 mg/m(2) b.i.d. (days 1-14) and OX 50 mg/m(2) (days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks were given concomitantly(More)
BACKGROUND Presently, sublingual immunotherapy is widely used as an alternative to the injection route for respiratory allergy, but its pharmacokinetics in humans is poorly known, and data are available only for Par j 1 allergen. We aimed at assessing the biodistribution of iodine-123-radiolabelled Der p 2 in allergic volunteers. METHODS Purified Der p 2(More)
Leukocyte-associated Ig-like receptor (LAIR) is a small family-receptor able to inhibit immune cell function via collagen binding. It exists as both membrane-bound and soluble forms. LAIR-1 functions as an inhibitory receptor on natural killer cells, T lymphocytes and monocytes. In addition to LAIR-1, the human genome encodes LAIR-2, a soluble homolog.(More)
CTLA-4 molecule, expressed by activated T and B lymphocytes, transduces an inhibitory signal. Increasing evidence showed CTLA-4 gene as an important susceptibility locus for autoimmune endocrinopathies and other autoimmune disorders. The aim is to evaluate the augmented sCTLA-4 serum levels in different autoimmune thyroid diseases when compared with normal(More)
Several mechanisms are probably involved in determining the evolution of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) towards either hypothyroidism and the clinical syndrome known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) or toward hyperthyroidism and the symptoms of Graves' disease (GD). To gain further insight into such mechanisms we performed an exhaustive comparative(More)
Thyroid follicular cells (TFC) abundantly express a variety of immunologically relevant surface molecules in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), for example, MHC antigens and adhesion molecules such as ICAM-1. Cytokines produced by infiltrating type 1 helper and cytotoxic T cells are importantly involved in de novo expression or up-regulation of such molecules.(More)
Nonspecific hyperreactivity to a number of physical, chemical and pharmacological agents in a common characteristics of allergic subjects, which is strictly related to the inflammatory events consequent to an allergic reaction. Hyperosmolar stimulus has previously been shown to cause an inflammatory response inducing mast cell activation and subsequent(More)
Clinical studies have estimated a 10- to 20-fold increased risk for celiac disease (CD) in patients with selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD). For this reason, screening for CD is mandatory in SIgAD patients, but it represents a special challenge since the specific IgA class antibodies against gliadin (AGA), endomysium (EMA), and tissue-transglutaminase (tTG)(More)
OBJECTIVE A screening program was proposed for the village of Carcare (population 5700), located in a region of Italy with an apparently low prevalence of coeliac disease (CD): only 1 patient diagnosed out of 2557 inhabitants. The study group comprised 1002 individuals (568 F, 434 M, age range 13-90 years) recruited from blood donors, secondary school(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a costimulatory receptor transducing a potent inhibitory signal. Increasing evidence showed that CTLA-4 gene is an important susceptibility locus for autoimmune disorders. Alternatively spliced mRNA generates a soluble form, called sCTLA-4. Whereas low levels of sCTLA-4 are detected in normal human(More)