Giacomo Signorino

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a frequent agent of life-threatening sepsis and meningitis in neonates and adults with predisposing conditions. We tested the hypothesis that activation of the inflammasome, an inflammatory signaling complex, is involved in host defenses against this pathogen. We show in this study that murine bone marrow-derived conventional(More)
Despite convincing evidence for involvement of members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family in fungal recognition, little is known of the functional role of individual TLRs in antifungal defenses. We found here that TLR7 was partially required for the induction of IL-12 (IL-12p70) by Candida albicans or Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Moreover, the IL-12p70(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ability of this bacterium to adhere to epithelial cells is considered as an essential early step in colonization and infection. By screening a whole genome phage display library with sera from infected patients, we previously identified three antigenic fragments matching(More)
Although type I interferons (IFN-α/β) have been traditionally associated with antiviral responses, their importance in host defense against bacterial pathogens is being increasingly appreciated. Little is known, however, about the occurrence and functional role of IFN-α/β production in response to pathogenic yeasts. Here, we found that conventional DCs, but(More)
UNLABELLED Signal transduction via MyD88, an adaptor protein engaged by the Toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) family receptors, has a crucial role in host defenses against group B streptococcus (GBS). To examine the contribution of IL-1R signaling to MyD88-dependent host defenses, we analyzed GBS infection in type I IL-1R(More)
Murine Toll-like receptor 13 (TLR13), an endosomal receptor that is not present in humans, is activated by an unmethylated motif present in the large ribosomal subunit of bacterial RNA (23S rRNA). Little is known, however, of the impact of TLR13 on antibacterial host defenses. Here we examined the role of this receptor in the context of infection induced by(More)
Laboratory diagnosis of Lyme disease is based on the serological detection of antibodies against the etiologic agent Borrelia burgdorferi. Current diagnostics are insensitive at detecting early infection, when treatment is most effective. This deficiency results from the limited number of B. burgdorferi antigens expressed in early infection and the use of(More)
UNLABELLED The two-component regulatory system CovRS is the main regulator of virulence gene expression in Group B Streptococcus (GBS), the leading cause of invasive infections in neonates. In this study we analyzed by mass spectrometry the GBS extracellular protein complex (i.e. the exoproteome) of NEM316 wild-type (WT) strain and its isogenic covRS(More)
Previous studies have indicated that group B streptococcus (GBS), a frequent human pathogen, potently induces the release of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), an important mediator of inflammatory responses. Since little is known about the role of this cytokine in GBS disease, we analyzed the outcome of infection in IL-1β-deficient mice. These animals were markedly(More)
Several species of Gram-positive bacteria can avidly bind soluble and surface-associated fibrinogen (Fng), a property that is considered important in the pathogenesis of human infections. To gain insights into the mechanism by which group B Streptococcus (GBS), a frequent neonatal pathogen, interacts with Fng, we have screened two phage displayed genomic(More)